Wednesday, September 17, 2014

Petroleum Saloon

The Marietta Times, December 8, 1864

On Thursday evening of last week, the "Petroleum Saloon" was formally opened to the public.  The proprietors, J. De Kator & Co., gave a free supper, and extended invitations to every body to partake of their hospitality.  Not less than one hundred and fifty persons availed themselves of the opportunity to test the quality of their edibles.  As for the quantity, there was "enough, and to spare."  The supper was all that the most fastidious epicure could desire - consisting of oysters, turkey, chicken, ham, pies, cakes, jellies, crackers, bread, butter, &c.

The Saloon is specially intended as an Eating House for oil men, and all others temporarily sojourning in the city.  Meals prepared at all hours, on short notice.  The bar, which is merely adjunct to the Saloon, contains the choicest liquors, cigars, &c.

When you desire to "eat, drink, and be merry," go to the Petroleum Saloon, north side of Greene Street, between Front and Second.


Wednesday, September 10, 2014

The First Freight Train

The Marietta Register, November 13, 1873

Tuesday morning, about 11 o'clock, the Marietta and Pittsburgh Railroad sent the first train of freight cars over the new bridge.  It consisted of five carloads of coal from the Ohio Coal Company for the Rolling Mill, one box car, band of music, and about one hundred passengers, anxious to take the first ride.  No timidity was felt about the bridge, and indeed none should be.  It bears every appearance of security.  

Perhaps two hundred citizens gathered along the bank to see the train pass.  One elderly business man, standing near, remarked, "Business must revive now, since we have a railroad passing through town."

Whether it revives or not, all feel a deep interest in the road, and much credit is due to the men who have secured it for us.  From this on, there will be progress.  We cannot go back.  No one will ever live to see the time when the Muskingum river will not be spanned by a railroad bridge.  But there were those who witnessed the first train, Tuesday, who, doubtless, will live to see the time when it will bear a hundred trains a day.


Wednesday, September 3, 2014

Two Old Captains.

Marietta Register, May 5, 1892

They Commanded Boats in the Halcyon Days of the Muskingum.

Now Living at Beverly, Ohio.

There are two old steamboat officers yet living in the town of Beverly, Ohio, men who were prominent boatmen forty years ago, and who were abreast of the most able officers in the Zanesville and Pittsburgh trade.  Captains D. T. Brown and Calvin Stull were well-known and they always held responsible positions in the river trade.

At that time many of the brightest adventurous young men in the Muskingum valley were willing to take responsible places on the fine steamboats afloat on the Western rivers.

D. T. Brown's boating career began with his brother John, in the engine room of the May Queen, at the age of nineteen years.  He and David Hann were the engineers at the time the boat was burned at the Marietta wharf in February, 1847.  David T. Brown and William Davis are the only two men that ever held government papers for the offices of captain, pilot, and engineer on the Muskingum river.

Many persons may not understand what is meant by a license for captain, pilot, or engineer, and for their benefit this information is given.  The above named officers have to be examined by the U. S. government officials for captain, pilot, and engineer, as the U. S. laws have charge of the steamboat interest in our government, and no one occupying these official stations can continue on duty without passing such ordered examination except in defiance of the law.

A Signal reporter visited Captains Brown and Stull at their homes in Beverly, and from them information was obtained as follows:

Captain D. T. Brown

After the destruction of the May Queen, D. T. Brown was one of the engineers on the following named boats:  Mingo Chief, Julia Dean, Ludlow, Comet, Del Norte, Newark, Helen Mar, Chevoit, Lizzie Martin, and Zanesville Packet.  He was captain of the Lizzie Martin and Chevoit.

When D. T. Brown was engineer of the Ludlow, on entering the Marietta lock the guard on one side of the boat was all torn off by striking the end of the lock wall.  From bow to stern there was no protection.  Brown procured a rope and fastened it to the stanchions, preventing any person from attempting to pass our on the damaged side of the boat.  The boat landed at Windsor to take on freight.  As Brown was tired he lay on a bench to rest while the men were engaged at their work.  He was suddenly awakened when their work was completed.  He passed forward along the guard, half asleep, to examine the water in the boilers by the water gauge, then in front of them to examine the fire.  In returning to the engine room he ran against the rope.  He exclaimed, "What is this put here for?"  He raised it, passed under and . . .

Fell Into the River.

He swam round the boat and again got on board more wet than wise, but he was thoroughly awake.  In relating the incident, he said, "As soon as I struck the water, I remembered all about the cause of the presence of the rope."

He and Edward Tignore were the engineers of the Helen Mar.  On a trip to Pittsburgh in passing up Horse Tail ripple at the head of Seven Mile Island he had . . .

A Swim For Life.

The current at the head of the ripple is very swift.  He was a cautious, careful engineer.  He went along the guard to try the water gauges, then passing in front of the fire to see that the fireman was doing his part of the work, he passed on down the guard for the engine room.  A truck had been left on the guard.  In the dark his knee struck it and he fell overboard in the swift current, barely missing the wheel of the boat as he was going down the river and the boat up.  He called to John Cox, who was on deck, to waken the other engineer, as he was going in another direction much against his will.

The captain was in bed with rheumatism.  He was unable to turn himself and a sheet had to be used in turning him.  When he heard the cry, "The engineer is overboard," he was excited.  He arose from his bed, his rheumatism was forgotten and he ran out on deck and ordered a boat sent out to save the engineer.

The boat went rapidly through the water.  The engineer was a good swimmer.  He saw lights on Seven Mile island and he went for them.  It was swim or drown with him.

He landed on the island about the same time as the boat did.  There was great rejoicing on the small boat that the engineer was saved.  Soon they were all ready to return to the steamer and there was rejoicing on the steamboat when they were informed "Brown is safe."

During the excitement, the captain forgot his rheumatism.  As soon as the excitement ceased and the engineer was on the steamboat, the captain was again writhing in his rheumatic pains.  It was with difficulty that he was carried to his room.  The anxiety and excitement caused him to forget his aches, but the pains were worse than ever as soon as he saw the engineer was on the boat.

Brown said, "I had lately been married.  As I passed the wheel when the heavy planks were striking the water near my head, I thought there will be another widow."

Captain Stull

was found at his home.  When informed of the business of the Signal reporter, he freely gave him the following:  I was a pilot on the St. Cloud, Ludlow, Loyal Hanna, Viroqua, Robert Wightman, Buckeye Belle, James Watts, R. H. Lindsey, Kate Cassell, Dan Convers, John Bissel, Chevoit, Adelia, Brown Dick, Emma Graham, John Buck, Charley Bowen, Lizzie Cassell, J. H. Best, Prairie City, Ohio, Emma Graham No. 2, Freighter, Falcon, Tom Patten, Silver Bells and Two Sisters."  He also piloted a number of Ohio river boats that were too large for the Muskingum locks.  He was captain of the Falcon, Emma Graham No. 2, and Vega.  He said, "I made 201 trips on the Emma Graham, often carrying 3,000 barrels of flour to Pittsburgh.  We never broke a timber of the boat."  Captain Stull was the pilot at the wheel when the ill-fated steamer Buckeye Belle blew up in the Beverly canal.  He was blown some distance and had a leg broken, which, at time, causes much pain.

Joseph Daniels

The engineer on duty when the Buckeye Belle caused the death of more people than were accidentally killed on all the boats ever on the Muskingum river, was in Beverly last Tuesday. 

The following incidents are related by old people at Beverly about the accident of the . . .

Buckeye Belle

One man said, "I saw a brick that was thrown from the boat to the top of the hill where it fell and killed a rabbit."

Another said, "Dillon was going up when Munsey was coming down, and Munsey spoke.  Dillon replied, "I don't speak to mechanics."

Wednesday, August 27, 2014

Marietta at the Outbreak of Civil War

Sunday Morning Observer, April 15, 1917

Many at that time opposed the War as do many today, but the spirit of loyalty ran rampant.

The other day we happened to run into an old veteran of the Civil War and we soon got into a conversation that covered that period that was of intense interest and he described Marietta at the outbreak of that conflict in an interesting manner.

In telling of the scenes in and about Marietta at that time he said that the people of Marietta went wild with enthusiasm after Fort Sumter was fired upon by the rebel forces and a declaration of hostilities was made by President Lincoln.  Lincoln called for 175,000 volunteers to serve for three months at the beginning, and the supply of men was far greater than the demand.

Several companies were recruited here.  Around the old court house there were five or six recruiting stations.  The crowds around the Court House were tremendous, and excitement ran high.  Men were feverish to join one of the companies so that they might assist in preserving the Union.  Their wives showed a noble spirit of self-sacrifice and seemed only too glad of the privilege of giving their husbands and their sons to the cause.

After three months the President called for 300,000 more troops and the response was instant.  The patriotism of the men of the city and county was not challenged in vain.  Farmers left their work in the fields to come to the city to volunteer.  Gawky country youths burned with desire to enlist.  There was much disappointment expressed by those who could not be accepted, because of some disability or because the companies were all too soon filled up.  The streets were black with carriages.

The desire to enlist was so keen and the response at first was so large that Marietta and Washington county's quota of men was soon complete.  It was not until several years later that it was necessary to resort to conscription in order to get enough men to continue the war.

The whole mind and purpose of Marietta and Washington County was centered upon returning those states to the fold which had seceded.  There was no thought at the outset of getting the negroes free.  It was not until the war was more than half finished that President Lincoln freed the slaves by issuing the Emancipation Proclamation, but it was necessary to prolong the struggle a long time before the terms of the proclamation could be actually carried out.

Of course, there were many men who enlisted who did not believe that the Southern states could be brought back through engaging in war.  They preferred to exhaust all diplomatic means before throwing down the gauntlet.  They were patriotic and true to their ideas of right, but they believed that some settlement between the North and the South could be affected through peaceable means.  They had the same purposes as the men who believed that the South could only be brought back by war, but they differed unto the means by which this might be accomplished.  Of course they were censured cruelly by the more hot headed and impulsive men, and they were taunted, defiled and called Copperheads.  But they were honest in their convictions, at least.

Opinion as to President Lincoln's honesty of purpose differed also.  He was not universally admired and worshiped as he is today.  No man is beloved of everybody except when he is sleeping his last sleep.  It takes martyrdom for a man to be judged for what he really is.  

But there were few men in Marietta who were not willing to stand by the president after the cause of battle had been accepted.  They thronged the streets and cheered while the bands played and the enlisting went on.  It was a most impressive scene, one that will never be forgotten.  I mention it now, he said, because conditions are so different in this present crisis, and people seem to be so undemonstrative and serious.  Their patriotic fever may be just as strong as it was then, but their feelings are expressed differently.  Also there was something very close and near and tangible about the Civil War, from the standpoint of the North.  To lose that struggle meant the loss of half the country, and the setting up of two republics upon American soil.  In this war we fight for a principle and we get nothing tangible, according to President Wilson's message.

After the companies were filled, they were trained in camps located at the Fair grounds and Camp Tupper.  Large crowds of visitors visited these camps daily.

Finally, the city turned out en masse when the soldiers left the city to begin their warfare.  Everything was bright and gay, in spite of the sadness of farewell.  It was like celebrating the return of a conquering hero.  But thousands of the troops that marched away that day never returned.

That the Marietta and Washington County boys in blue gave a good accounting of themselves is history.  And in talks that we have with a number of them in these days when the country is getting ready for another war, they still maintain their patriotism and many expressed their willingness to again shoulder their gun in defense of their country.


Wednesday, August 20, 2014

An Interesting Bit of River History

The Marietta Daily Times, January 22, 1906

A Veteran River Man Furnishes the List of Boats and Their Captains Who Navigated the Muskingum in the Palmy Days of River Traffic.

Many of the Names Are Familiar and Will Recall Pleasant Memories.

In the appended article the writer gives a list of the early river craft plying the Muskingum and the men who followed the adventurous calling of boatmen.  A few of the names are quite familiar, descendants of the old time river men now being residents of this city.

Memories of the early days will be recalled by many who read the following contribution.

In making individual mention of bats and boatmen they will be taken up in order of their priority of date, as a class, and as there is no representative of the canoe era on the Muskingum now living, nor any trace of any of them to be found, we must pass over that class of craft and the men who navigated them and take up the days of keel boating.

Keel Boating

The writer has been unable to find anything that will definitely establish the date that keelboating first commenced on the Muskingum river, but there are many circumstances which strongly point to the time as about 1814 to 1815.

The following is copied from a letter written by a young lady of New York who was traveling in the west at the time it was written.  It was published in Marietta papers a few years ago:

Marietta, Ohio, May 14th, 1815.

The Muskingum has been six feet higher at Springfield (Putnam) than it was ever known to be.  A part of the upper bridge was undermined and carried away.  Dr. Fowler in attempting to cross the bridge was drowned.  He was much respected and highly esteemed as a physician and was the last person to bestow on us his good wishes and farewell when entering the boat we left Springfield in for this place."

Dr. Fowler is buried in the old Putnam grave yard, the inscription on his headstone states he was but 22 years old at the time of his death.

As this young lady made her trip from Zanesville to Marietta on a boat years before the first steamboat ascended the Muskingum and as it is improbable that she went in an open flat boat, it seems quite certain that at least one keel boat was here in May, 1815.  Perhaps others were here at an earlier date, but evidence of this is lacking.

List of Primitive Craft

The following list of names of keel boats which navigated the Muskingum river is doubtless very incomplete, but when we consider that it is nearly seventy years since the last boat of this kind was seen on this river, and that all the men but one or two who navigated them are dead, we can realize how useless would be an effort to obtain a complete list of the names of those early crafts.  With perhaps a few exceptions no attempt will be made to state the dates any of these boats were running on the Muskingum.  The name of the Captain of each of these boats so far as they have been learned will be given, but as the boats often changed captains as well as owners, some may have had more than one, but only one will be named here:

Amanda - Lemuel Pratt, captain.
Allegheny - Jesse Smith, captain.
Black Snake - William Scales, captain.
Buck - A. Z. Morris, captain.
Consolation - Absolom Boyd, captain.
Charity - Jesse Smith, captain.
Commodore - Absolom Boyd, captain.
Comet - Hercules Boyd, captain.
Davy Crocket.
Express - Harry Stull, captain.
Elk - Benjamin Godfrey, captain.
Faith - William Scales, captain.
Fink, Mike.
Governor Ritner - A. W. Sprague, captain.
General Marion - Ryan, captain.
Hercules - Hercules Boyd, captain.
Hope - Washington Scales, captain.
Hazard - Alexander Hahn, captain.
Lovely Sally - Ferrell, captain.
Lady - Williams, captain.
Merry Lady - John B. Lewis, captain.
Muskingum Valley - Dudley Davis, captain.
Mink, Mike.
McGregor, Hellen - Absolom Boyd, captain.
Majestic - Randolph Fearing, captain.
Marietta - Albert Carpenter, captain.
Marietta 2 - Baker, captain.
None such.
Number 4 - Absolom Boyd, captain.
Olive Green.
Patriot - Davis, captain.
Post Boy.
Pocahontas - Ferrell, captain.
Paul Jones - Hercules Boyd, captain.
Rob Roy.
Red Rover.
Return - George Carpenter, captain.
Rifleman - Absolom Boyd - captain.
Ram - Roberts, captain.
Remlin, James - Joseph Devol, captain.
Splendid - Reese, captain.
Silver Heels.
Sam Patch.
Steubenville Ranger - James Brooks, captain.
Saucy Jack.
Sycamore - Hart, captain.
Tam a am - Absolom Boyd, captain.
Uncle Sam.
Western Packet - S. M. Devol, captain.
Washington - Randolph Fearing, captain.
Waterford - Beatty Cheadle, captain.
Zanesville Packet - Dennis, captain.

Facts of the Amanda

The Amanda, named in the foregoing list, was sunk at Blue Rock bend in 1837, was soon raised, repaired and sold by her owners, Fearing and Sprague.  

The "Sycamore," belonging to Hale, Boyd and Scales, was sunk at Taylorsville, where her bones were to be seen but a few years ago and may be there yet.

Old Time Boatmen

The following is a list of the names of all the Muskingum river keelboatmen that can be obtained by the writer, but like the list of names of the keel boat, it is no doubt quite incomplete.  Many of these men became prominent steamboatmen and contributed much to the development of navigation of the Ohio and Mississippi valleys.

David Anson, Baker, Absolom Boyd, Hercules Boyd, James Boyd, Hiram Burch, McC. Bell, James Blunt, John Burroughs, James Booker, Booths, Curtis, McC. Coleman, John Carpenter, William Carpenter, Daniel Clay, Stephen Davis, Freeman Davis, Hildrick Davis, Ed Davis, Dudley Davis, Frederick Davis, John Davis, S. M. Devol, Paul Ditenhaver, Joseph (Little Jo) Devol, Bennett Devol, Simeon Devol, Till Devol, Dennis, Stanton Devol, Joseph (Big Jo) Devol, Evans, Frederick Erick, George W. Ebert, Evans, Evans, Ferral, Randolph Fearing, John Farris, Mike Fink, Jacob Flake, Benjamin Godfrey, Simeon Girty, Samuel Godfrey, John Green, George Hahn, Michael Hahn, Frederick (Major) Hahn, James Herron, William Helmick, Scudder Hart, Aaron Hart, Owen Hale, Issac N. Hook, Alexander Hahn, Israel, Knott, Knott, Isaac Johnson, Thomas Johnson, William (Purdy Bill) Larison, John B. Lewis, Robert Leggett, James Leggett, John Lyons, George Michael, A. Z. Morris, Adam Poe, Lemuel Pratt, William Parker, Jacob Poe, Reardon Reese, Tice Ridenhour, Ryan, Stephen Roberts, Harry Stull, William Scales, Lemuel Swift, Jessie Smith, Washington Scales, Nelson Stone, Stephen Stone, Austin W. Sprague, William Silverthorn, John Tarrier, Talbot, Asa Travis, Harris White, Stephen West, Williams, Webster.

Who They Were

Of the men named in the foregoing list the Boyds, the Hahns, the Caseys, Ayers, Scales, Ridenour and Helmick were from Zanesville.  The Davises were from Marietta and Lowell vicinities and the Devols were nearly all from Beverly and its vicinity.  Clay was from Lowell, Fearing and Hart were from Marietta.  The Johnsons, Evanses, Knotts, Godfreys, Leggetts, White, Swift and Webster were from Luke Chute.  Travis, Coleman, Bell, and others from McConnelsville.  Hook living near Windsor and nearly all the others resided somewhere on the Muskingum river and have descendants still living.  It is a matter of much regret that the names of all the men who were connected with these pioneer boats could not be obtained for publication in this list.