Wednesday, February 23, 2011


American Friend & Marietta Gazette, August 23, 1828

On Wednesday last a balloon 16 feet long and about 9 or 10 feet in diameter was prepared and sent up, from the vicinity of the Court House, in this place.  Its ascent was truly grand; its altitude was supposed to be about a mile; when at its height it appeared about the size of a barrell, and was in the air from twenty to twenty-five minutes and descended to the earth about three hundred yards distant from the place where it was started, without sustaining injury.  In the evening it was again sent up - nothing could be perceived but a ball of fire, which diminished in size till it had the appearance of a large star - it landed upwards of a mile from the place whence it was started without injury.

Thursday, February 17, 2011

Letters in the Marietta Post Office

American Friend & Marietta Gazette, July 12, 1828

List of Letters remaining in the Post Office at Marietta, Ohio, June 30th, 1828, which if not taken out by the 30th September next, will be sent to the General Post Office as dead letters.

John Amlin
Caroline Anderson (2)

Patrick Bails
E. E. Bailey
Samuel Bailey
William Barret
Abel Blake
Elizabeth Brooks
William Brooker
Thomas Browning
Frederick Bell
James Britton
Reuben Burdick
John D. Byard

Henry Campbell
David Carmichael
James H. Chappell
David Chivalier (2)
Allen Close
Harry Coggswell
Wm. Colby
Elizabeth Corbern
Mr. Corner
Jacob Currier

Elijah Davis
Jane Deary
Benjamin F. Devoll
Stephen Devol
Thom's. Dickey jr.
George Dunlevy (2)
Dunlevy & Joline (2)
Samuel Dye
John Dye
William Dyer

Jacob Fleck
Adrianna Fletcher (5)
John Floid (2)

Jeremiah Gard or Samuel Athey
James Gooding
Aeson Grow

William Hatch
Abram Hill
William Hill
Mary Ann Hodgman
Mr. Holden sen'r.
Sereno Hollister
Widow Mary Howe
Lott Hull

Charles Jack
Mr. Joline

Susan Lett

David McKibben
Elizabeth McKibben
Isaiah Mansfield
Philo Mathews

Gilbert Oney
Philander & Lewis Olney

John Pew
Jabez Perkins
Charlotte Perrin
John Perry
Lewis Phillips
Editor of Pioneer
Thomas Pownall
Robert Poncheon
Asa Pond
Principal paper maker
Nathan Procter
David Putnam

David Read
Richard F. Reed
Thomas Ridgway
John Roop
Elisha Rose
Maria Rollins

William Schofield
Edmund Simons
Elijah G. Smith
Dr. Jas. Smith
Lyman Stacy

John Taylor
Enoch Thomas
William Thomas
John True

Doctor Veasy
Mr. Viol

Abram Washburn (2)
Andrew Webster
Sylvia Wells
James Westover
Joseph P. Wightman
George Willes
Abijah Willson
Stewart Williams
Jacob De Witt

Dan'l. H. Buell, P.M.
Post Office, Marietta
July 1st, 1828.

Wednesday, February 16, 2011

Revenues and Expenditures of Washington County

American Friend & Marietta Gazette, June 14, 1828

A General Exhibit of the Revenues and Expenditures of the County of Washington, from June 1st, 1827, to June 1st, 1828.

Amount due County Treasurer, June 4, 1827 - 1612.54.5

Paid Associate Judges - $237.50

Publishing Delinquent List of 1827 - $117

Clerks & Judges of Elections - 67.50
Counsel for defending poor prisoners - 20.00

Surveying the Muskingum river - 149.30.2

John Mills for blankets for jail, and stove for Court House - 17.02.8

Coroner's inquest $23.34.5

Painting Court House - $51.17.

Repairs on old Court House and Jail - 13.98

Barnabas Otis for support of insane son - $52.00

Hosea Cass idiot daughter - $31.37.5

John Green for support of E. Bonny idiot - $19.50

Sarah Kidwell, idiot daughter - $39.37.5

Wolf Scalps - $61.50

Assessors services, list of 1827 - $130.50

Commissioners services - $32.00

Auditor's services - $513.59

Silas Cook for boarding prisoners and ringing bell, &c. - 99.27

Returning poll books - $45.40

Opening poll books - $15.00

Returning Jurors - $11.65

Grand Jury - $60.

Petit Jury - $34.

Opening roads - $60

Witnesses before Grand Jury - $21.50

Costs in State cases - $125.07

Constables attendance on court - $28.50

John P. Mayberry, pros. atty. - $150.

Charles Swift appraiser for 1824 - 1.00

Jadidiah Chase cleaning well - 2.00

Elisha Pratt, for stove pipe - 2.00

Joseph Kelly, putting up stove - 1.00

Amos Dunham, summoning Grand Jury - 3.00

Joseph Holden, Treasurer, per centum on $634.84.2, at 4 per cent - 25.39

Interest allowed J. Holden, Treasurer, on $1612.54, for one year, at 6 per cent - 96.75

Amount School and Township taxes due to sundry townships from county - 321.30.3

Amount road tax remaining in County Treasury - 177.88.5

Amount 3 per cent fund, apportioned to this county under the act of Feb. 8th, 1826, appropriated but not yet drawn from County Treasury - 66.21

Total:  $4,529.13.5

Amount County tax for 1827, deducting defalcations and per centage - 1719.16.6

Amount Road tax for 1827, paid in cash into County Treasury - 232.78.6

Amount Township and School taxes for 1827, deducting defalcations and per centage - 606.69

Amount refunded by the State, for printing delinquent list 1826, state's proportion - 39.97.8

Amount paid into County Treasury for tax on delinquent land, prior to 1826 - 7.20.5

Amount received for permits to vend merchandize - 25.51.5

Amount received from sundry physicians for their assessment, 1827 - 15.00

Amount Jury fees paid by Sheriff into County Treasury - 12.00

Amount received for licenses for stud horses - 39.00

Amount received for licenses for ferries and taverns - 90.11.5

Amount fines paid into County Treasury - 31.00

Balance against the county - 17.10.68

Total:  $4,529.13.5

By order of the Board of Commissioners.
Wm. A. Whittlesey, County Auditor.
June 10, 1828.

Wednesday, February 9, 2011

Small Pox

Marietta Intelligencer, January 20, 1855

Exaggerated reports respecting the prevalence of this disease in Marietta, have already gone abroad, and we therefore deem it proper to state the facts, which are briefly these:

There is a single family, and but a single one, in town, in which the disease exists, or in which a case has occurred.  In that family all who have had it have recovered, or are doing well.  It has been reported that two children belonging to this family, who were on Monday last at school in the new school house on the plain, where probably two hundred children attend daily, were on Tuesday taken down with the disease.  We learn, however, that the children were not sick on Tuesday, nor on Wednesday, nor on Thursday, and so far as we know, they are well yet.  Dr. Cotton, the physician of the Board of Health, assures us that these children could not have communicated the disease when they were last at school.

It is undoubtedly true that several persons have been exposed to contagion by visiting in the sick family, before the nature of the disease was known, and of course every precaution should be taken to prevent it from spreading; but there is no occasion for the alarm that many feel, and by proper care there is reason to expect that no other families will be attacked.  Those who have been exposed should not go where they can communicate it to other families, until all danger is passed; and no child belonging to any family that has been exposed should be allowed to attend school, or visit or play with other children so long as there is a possibility of spreading the disease. Vaccination should also be promptly attended to, where it has been neglected.

Tuesday, February 8, 2011

School Exhibition

Marietta Intelligencer, March 27, 1855

The closing exercises of the Marietta High School, on Friday evening last, were of a very interesting character, and must have been gratifying and satisfactory to all the friends of our Public Schools.  Tax-paying is not the most agreeable duty a man has to perform, nor the one best calculated to put him in good humor with the world "and the rest of mankind," but we think that most of our citizens who attended this exhibition, must have felt it to be a privilege to pay taxes for the support of schools where every child, every young lady, and every young man, in our community, is furnished with such educational privileges as our public schools provide free of charge.

We do not propose to speak in detail of the exercises, but may remark, generally, that they were highly creditable allike to teachers and pupils.  The young ladies (with a few exceptions) read their compositions distinctly and well.  The young orators appeared quite at ease, and delivered their speeches with grace and vigor.  The singing was good, some of it very good.  The order of exercises was as follows:


Selected Declamation - Wesley Sniffin.
Selected Declamation - James Nye.
Composition - The Future - Kate Booth.
Composition - The Grave of the Household - Letitia Jones.


Selected Declamation  - William B. Shittlesey.
Selected Declamation  - J. H. Sniffin.
Selected Declamation  - William C. Gray.
Composition - Life's pleasures - Susan Bigelow.
Composition - Past, Present, and Future - Margaret Edgerton.


Salutatory Oration - Albert L. Smith.
Woman's Rights - D. Perkins Bosworth, Jr.
Public Stations - George B. Turner.
Composition - They all Perished - Ann Maria Phillips.
Composition - The Practical - Eunice M. Rice.
Rehearsal - Eunice Anderson.
Rehearsal - Sarah Shipman.


Oration - Our Customs - Francis A. Ross.
Oration - The Battle of Marathon - William C. Wells.
Oration - Mouths - Arthur B. Little.
Oration - The Prospects of Liberty to the oppressed of Europe - Harold D. Lewis.
Composition - The old Mill - Emily K. Brown.
Composition - Happiness - Carrie Divine.


Oration - The Advantages of Education - John D. Dye.
Oration - Abolition of our Slave Trade - Alexander Lamb.
Composition - The thrice closed Eye - Mary Morse.
Composition - Monuments of the 19th Century - Mary Ewart.
Rehearsal - Lorinda Gracy.
Rehearsal - Abby Brown.


Oration - Pre Adamite Earth - Samuel A. Titus.
Oration - Self Culture - Charles A. Hayward.
Paper - Edited by Melvina D. Wells.  Matilda Leonard.


Monday, February 7, 2011

Letter No. II - The Ancient Works

Marietta Intelligencer, January 30, 1855

Dear. Mr. Editor:

. . . One of the pleasantest walks about Marietta is that which takes you across the elevated square and past the mounds in its neighborhood; but it almost makes me angry to attempt it, for I am compelled to witness the spoilations which are continually going on among our ancient works - the covered way especially.  I do really wonder if the spirit of reverence has died out entirely among our citizens!  One would surely think so.  I don't know how I should feel if I was a big influential MAN - but as it is, I am ready to blush when ever these things are mentioned, as they invariably are by strangers visiting the place as the objects most note-worthy about here.  And I have noticed in all the letters from and about Marietta, either in this paper or others, that with but one exception The Ancient Works have furnished a prominent topic.

Those mounds, the relics of those once mighty Indians now no more, and the Campus Martius - the covered way - which we should cherish as almost sacred monuments of the perils of our brave forefathers - all "passing away" and there is a road cut through the covered way in one place while the rest is being dug away to be made into brick, I believe!  Oh Young America!

M. Ellen Winthrope

Thursday, February 3, 2011

"A Villanous Act" - Mitchell L. Montgomery

American Friend, & Marietta Gazette, March 26, 1828

Barnesville, Belmont County, Ohio,
March the 10, 1828.

About the first of this instant, an old revolutionary soldier arrived at Pittsburgh from near Barnesville, Ohio, for the purpose of drawing his pension.  While in Pittsburgh, he became acquainted with a man by the name of Major P. Reid, who he previously had seen once or twice in Barnesville.  He informed Reid his business, who proposed going with him to the office, where the old soldier drew ninety six dollars, the amount of his pension.

Reid professed great kindness for the old man, who was very unwell at the time, and proposed taking him under his care until they arrived at Barnesville.  He further proposed that the old man should give him his money for safe keeping, which he did to the amount of ninety four dollars.  They left Pittsburgh together in the steam boat Star, and arrived at Wheeling Va. on the 5th inst. when Reid left the old man under pretence of getting him a conveyance to Barnesville.  He waited for Reid, but he not making his appearance, left Wheeling and arrived at Barnesville on the 7th inst.  Reid also arrived there on the evening of the same day.  The old man demanded his money.  Reid informed him he should have it the next morning, it being in his trunk, which was in a wagon that would arrive about 8 or 9 o'clock.  Reid disappeared the same evening, taking with him the old soldiers money, and has not been heard of since.

Reid imposed himself upon the old man as a brother of a respectable man of the same name, who lives near Barnesville, and informed him that they were about opening a store there, and that the merchandise for that purpose was on board the boat they took passage in.

Mitchel L. Montgomery, is the name of the old soldier.  He is now 84 years old, and depended on his pension for support of himself and his aged wife.  Thus a brave soldier, of nearly a century old, and one that has received many wounds while braving the enemies of his country, is deprived of the means of support by the villainy of one of the most abandoned, callous hearted wretches that ever lived.

Major P. Reid is from Parkersburgh, Va.  He has been long a boatman on the Ohio river, but for some time past, has lived by gambling and other villainous acts.  He is about twenty six years old, about six feet high, slim built, with long legs and large feet.  He generally wears his hat on one side and is fond of chewing a stick or quill.  It is the opinion of many that he is now lurking about Parkersburgh, Va. or Marietta, or it may be he has gone further down the river.  Be where he may, the most likely place to find him will be in a gambling house.  It is presumed nothing further need be said to elicit the feelings of every friend to humanity in aid of the apprehension of the villain.  The pensioner offers $30 reward for the recovery of the money.

Editors of papers will please publish the above.

Wednesday, February 2, 2011

Sheriff's Sale - Levi Cole

American Friend, & Marietta Gazette, April 2, 1828

At the House of Levi Cole, in Marietta, on the 12th instant, at 10 o'clock A.M. I shall offer for sale, at public vendue, the following property, viz.

One saddle and bridle, one cupboard, and one spade, one table, one stand, six windsor chairs, 3 kitchen chairs, one clock and case, one looking Glass, one hearth rug, give pieces carpeting, 3 bed-steads and cords, one pair candle sticks, one tin pail, one chest, one sow and 7 pigs, two hives of bees, 2 barrels, 2 towels, 3 sheets, 3 table-cloths, one corn basket, one shovel and one floor brush.  Taken in execution at the suit of Thomas Shewel vs. Levi Cole.

Jesse Loring, Sheriff,
by Amost dunham, Dep. Shff.

April 1, 1828.