Friday, July 21, 2017

Esther Hall

The Marietta Republican,, April 23, 1858

Died, in Adams Township, April 11th, Esther, wife of Walter hall, in the 89th year of her age. She was born in New Hampshire and came to Marietta with the Ohio Company. She lived in the block house at Marietta for ten years, and lived in Adams Township 51 years.


Wednesday, July 19, 2017


Marietta Intelligencer, March 23, 1853

More buildings will be erected in Marietta this season than in any previous year.

Messrs. Holden will erect a three story brick building, forty six feet front by eighty feet deep, on the ground between the bank and Crawford & Co.'s Book Store. The building which this office now occupies will be torn down in a couple of weeks to make place for the new block.

On the opposite side of the street, Messrs. Rolston & Co. and J. E. Hall will erect a double brick block, three stories high - eighty feet deep. Anderson's Jewelry shop is now on wheels and is to be placed on a vacant lot on the Cotton property. The other buildings occupying the site of Rolston & Hall's contemplated block will probably be moved this week.

Mr. Soule has put an open front into the dwelling house which he recently bought of Mr. Dunn and will soon open a new hat store in what was lately the Mayor's parlor. Mr. S. will also put up a two story brick building on the vacant ground between his property and Mr. Shipman's house.

Mr. Harshberger has put an open front into his clothing store.

Two new buildings are going up between the Post Office and the upper bridge.

These improvements are all on Front Street and they are only a part of the changes that will be made on that street this year.

Perhaps the largest building to be erected in town this season is the Catholic Church, which will be on Fourth Street. Between 300,000 and 400,000 brick will be used in the construction of that building.

The number of private residences to be built this year is much larger than ever before. Arrangements have already been made for the erection of dwelling houses on every street, and almost every square, in the limits of the corporation.

Mechanics of all classes will find work plenty and wages good.

*  *  *

Front Street
Marietta Intelligencer, April 13, 1853

Front Street is changing a good many fronts, and business of every sort is brisk enough there to satisfy any but extravagantly "fast men."

J. D. Barker & Co. have just opened a new establishment in new and neatly finished rooms, next door to Woodbridge & Westcott's; Soule & Shanklin have opened a new stock in their newly finished store; Harshberger has repaired and repainted and opened a new stock; Anderson has moved up street and brushed up generally; Baldwin has increased his stock of Jewelry; Leopold & Co. have enlarged and beautified their rooms; James Dana & Co., Curtis & Bro., Capt. Waters, Lahm & Co., Woodbridge & Westcott, and James Holden are all opening heavy stocks of Dry Goods; Nye and Bosworth, Wells & Co. are getting big lots of iron, nails and every thing in their line; Stewart & Co. have plenty of shoes; Cotton & Buell and Perkins have drugs enough for forty counties; Crawford & Co., a good stock of books and stationery; C. W. Crawford has everything in the gentleman's furnishing line; while R. Crawford, Kueck & Holst, Fisher, and Guitteau all hang their sings of creature comforts out in the Tri-Weekly, as well as on the fronts of their establishments.

The two story brick building for several years occupied by the Intelligencer Printing office is razed, and the ground will soon be ready for the foundation of Holden's three story double block. The ground opposite, where Hall & Rolston will build their double block, will also soon be ready for the stone masons.

On Greene Street, Holden, Slocomb, Bigelow & Co., E. M. Taylor, and L. D. Dana (his front is on Ohio Street) are all who have yet announced the arrival of new stocks of goods, but ere long their neighbors will be "on hand," as will also the dealers on Ohio Street.

Success to all of you gentlemen, and that you may certainly attain to it, we proffer you the opportunity of severally sounding your own praises three or four times a week (once a week is altogether too slow for this age) in the ears of a good many hundred people through the medium of the Marietta Intelligencer - "cheap for cash, or approved credit."

Wednesday, July 12, 2017

Muskingum Bridge

Home News, January 15, 1859

The Muskingum Bridge is to be built. That is a fixed fact. The Ross County Court so decrees, and the citizens of Marietta and Harmar supply the material aid, and control the structure until they are reimbursed, principle, interest, and profit. The work is to be commenced as early in the spring as the weather and the river will permit, and compelled as speedily as possible, by the contractors, Lyman & Schofield. So be it.

Wednesday, July 5, 2017

New Map of Washington County

The Marietta Republican, October 29, 1858

Map of Washington County, Ohio, by William Lorey, published by Edwin P. Gardner, Philadelphia, 1858. Library of Congress.

We have received a copy of the splendid new map of our county drawn by William Lorey, Esq., one of the best Civil Engineers in the State, and published by Mr. E. P. Gardner, who has the reputation of getting out some of the finest maps ever published. 

It shows the boundary lines of every lot and tract of land in the county, and gives the owners' names, besides giving all the roads, township lines and all the principal streams. It is very accurately drawn, beautifully engraved and elegantly framed. It is likewise ornamented with excellent views of a number of fine dwellings.

No resident of the county, especially a real estate owner, should be without it. It is very cheap at $5, the selling price. The limited number only over those subscribed for can be furnished, and those desirous of procuring a copy of this ornamental and almost indispensable article, should apply to Mr. Gardner at once. Copies may be had at the County Auditor's office and seen in the business houses and dwellings of Marietta generally.

Map of Washington County, Ohio (1858), Library of Congress website:

Illustrations include: Residences of G. W. Barker, Union Township; Edwin Guthrie, Belpre Township; Walter M. Buchanan, Watertown Township; E. S. and William McIntosh; Mrs. S. M. Dana, Waterford Township; and the Mansion House hotel, Marietta, Mrs. F. Lewis, proprietress.

Plats include: Newport, Bonn, Plymoutha nd Pleasanton, Beverly, Salem, Marietta, Harmar, Buell's Lowell, Matamoras, Grandview, Watertown, Barlow, and Cutler. 

Interesting sites on the Marietta plat include:  Plank Road (above Marion Street); a Powder Magazine on Montgomery Street near Sixth; a Brewery on the corner of Sixth and Montgomery streets; a Candle Factory on Third Street near Warren; Tanneries on Second Street near Sacra Via, on Montgomery at Sixth, and on Second between Butler and Greene; Wendelken's Flour and Grist Mill on Front near Knox; Cotton and Grey's Churn Factory near Seventh and Putnam streets; the Brick Yard of J. Pierce near Seventh and Cutler; the Union Chair Factory on Sixth between Putnam and Butler; J. O. Cram's Saw and Flour Mill along the Muskingum River near Butler; the Gas Works on the corner of Fifth and Greene streets; and the Steam Ferry crossing the Muskingum River at Putnam Street.

Tuesday, July 4, 2017

Fourth of July, 1859

The Marietta Intelligencer, June 30, 1859

"In Union there is Strength."

The American and German citizens will meet on the Fourth of July, 1859, to celebrate the 8erd anniversary of our National Independence.  The order of exercises will be as follows:

A Salute of 13 Guns will be fired at daybreak.

The procession will form at the Court House and will start, under the charge of Jacob King, Chief Marshall, assisted by Lewis Smith and John Theis, Jr., at 8 o'clock A.M., accompanied by two Brass Bands, and proceed down Putnam Street to Front, down Front to Ohio, up Ohio to Second, up Second to Greene, up Greene to Fourth, up Fourth to Scammel, up Scammel to Fifth, up Fifth to Washington, up Washington to Nye's Grove.

Order of Procession:

A four-horse conveyance carrying thirteen girls, representing the old Thirteen States.

Town Council.





Order of Exercises at the Grove:

An address in German by the Goddess of Liberty.

Reading of Declaration of Independence in German, by William Lorey.


An address in English, by the Goddess of Liberty.

Reading of the Declaration in English, by J. F. Huntington.


Oration in English, by M. D. Follet.


Dinner - 12 o'clock P.M.

Toasts and Responses.

Footraces by youths under fourteen years of age. Four prizes: 1st, $2.00; 2nd, $1.50; 3rd, $1.00; 4th, .50.  All youths of fourteen years and under are invited to contend for the prizes.

The whole will be interspersed with songs by the Glee Club, Harmonie and Germania. 

All citizens, native and adopted, are invited to join in this celebration, without distinction of sects or creeds - the birth of our free Republic should be celebrated by all, without distinction, in National love, and it is to a national celebration of this great anniversary that we cordially invite one and all.

By order of Com. of Arra'gt.
Jacob King, Chairman.
G. C. Best, Sec'y.

*  *  *

Fourth of July

The eighty-third anniversary of our National Independence is to be well celebrated by the people of this county and city. The day will be ushered in by the ringing of bells, firing of cannon, display of flags, and martial music. It is expected that the stores and places of business will be closed throughout the day.

At eight o'clock all the day schools and Sabbath Schools will assemble at the Universalist Church and vicinity and listen to an address from Judge Ewart and others. At the same hour the Sons of Temperance of Marietta and Harmar, with their families and friends, will assemble at the Odd Fellow's Hall (over Franks' Foundry) and be addressed by C. F. Buell and George M. Woodbridge. The Odd Fellow's Hall on this occasion will be open to all.

The Defiance Fire Company will be on the ground with their Engine, commanded by Captain Dutton and associates. Also, a band of martial music, under the direction of Captain Corey. 

At nine o'clock a procession will be formed in front of Franks' building, under the command of Captain Snider, marshal of the day, in which the public schools, fire companies, Sons of Temperance, and citizens of Marietta, Harmar, and Washington County generally are requested to join, making the day A National Jubilee!

The procession, with flags, banners and martial music, will proceed up Front Street to Scammel. Seats will be prepared in the shady and beautiful grove on the commons in front of the residence of Weston Thomas.

After the reading of the Declaration of Independence by T. C. H. Smith and a welcome given to the Fire Company and others in a few words, by a speaker to be selected by them, and music by the band, the assembly will be addressed by Hon. Simeon Nash and Hon. Henry Dawes.  After which, refreshments will be distributed to the audience.  It is particularly requested that all who wish to participate in the festivities of this occasion, bring refreshments early in the morning to the stand on the commons, where a committee will be in waiting to receive them.

Let every body come without distinction of party.

Wednesday, June 28, 2017

Gilbert Boomer

Marietta Intelligencer, July 4, 1844

Gilbert Boomer, of this place, died suddenly in the jail at 12 o'clock yesterday (Tuesday). For some weeks past he had been constantly intoxicated, having drank from two to three quarts of whiskey per day. On Friday night last he broke open the ice house of J. E. Hall and took therefrom four kegs of powder, for the supposed purpose of blowing up the warehouse of Mr. Hall.  He was discovered in the act, the next day arrested, and after an examination before Justices Protsman and Allen, required to give bail for his appearance at Court - for want of which he was committed to prison. That terrible disease of the drunkard - the delirium tremens - soon attacked him. On Monday, he fancied himself tormented by witches. Monday night and Tuesday morning devils were in pursuit of him. His ravings continued until nearly noon, when he was quiet for a few moments, and upon entering his room to ascertain if he was sleeping, he was found, lying upon the floor, dead.

Wednesday, June 21, 2017

A Family Bible

The Marietta Times, July 26, 1888

Mrs. C. L. Hall [Caroline, daughter of Daniel Greene and Mary Strout] is the owner of a family bible that has certainly reached a venerable old age. It was published in 1764, and its record of births anti-dates it more than a century. It was originally the property of her grandfather, who emigrated from the West Indies to Baltimore, Maryland, some time prior to the beginning of the present century, bringing with him this bible, a testament, also a number of other valuable books and two slaves - one a barber, the other a tailor, quite a fortune in those days. The combination seems to be an odd one now, but it was probably the proper thing at that early period of our country's history. The bible is in a fair state of preservation and will be on exhibition at the Woman's Fair in the Town Hall on July 24th to the 27th.


Wednesday, June 14, 2017

Boiler Corner

The Daily Register, June 30, 1902

Editor Register:

The old boiler at the corner of Ohio and Front streets - where did it come from and for what purpose was it used? 

The following account, which the writer believes to be correct, was given by the late Ebenezer D. Buell, who was born in 1805, in the old red house which stood on bank of the Ohio river, opposite the head of Marietta island on the Ohio side, quite recently torn down. Mr. Buell spent the most of his life here.  

He says that a man by the name of Adams had a distillery on the bank of the Little Muskingum, where the road leading to Cornerville strikes the creek, for many years known as the Howe place, but at present the Scott farm. Mr. Buell says this boiler was used in that distillery, that he was often there when a boy, as it was not more than a half mile from his father's home.

It will be observed that there is a short pipe on one side, 6 inches in diameter, perhaps, without any arrangement for a connection or for closing other than a wooden plug which Mr. Adams made use of to confine the steam; in so doing he had made the discovery that steam had considerable power when confined, and on one occasion called in his wife to witness the operation while he worked the plug. Having much more pressure on than he was aware of, the plug blew out with considerable force, slightly scalding him. 

Mr. Buell, in speaking of this old boiler, always claimed that it came from the Adams distillery. We have no means of telling just when this distillery ceased to do business. The writer remembers going to school in a house which was very near where the distillery stood and remembers that it was all gone but two or three rounds of the bottom logs. This was as early as 1827 or '28. The only other history I ever had of the old boiler was from the late G. M. Woodbridge, who claimed that it was shipped to his father in transit to some other point and that his father had paid some freight charges which he never collected, as the boiler never got any farther.

William Harris  


Wednesday, June 7, 2017

Fire - Baptist Church Burned

Marietta Intelligencer, March 22, 1855

The Church building belonging to the Baptist Society of this place was destroyed by fire this morning. The pulpit, most of the seats, and some of the doors and windows were removed, in a damaged condition.

The fire was discovered about eight o'clock on the roof and in a few moments the entire roof was in a blaze. The walls of the lower story of the building were of stone and were, of course, but little injured. The loss is about $1,000. There was no insurance.

By most diligent efforts the fire was prevented from extending to the frame buildings near - some of them not more than 20 feet distant. We are requested by Mr. L. Brigham to express his hearty thanks to the people for their vigorous and continued exertions to save his property from destruction. His buildings were in imminent danger, but by most resolute efforts, no serious injury was done to them.

Before this fire was extinguished, another alarm was given, occasioned by the discovery of fire on the roof of O.Franks' warehouse, near his foundry. It was extinguished without difficulty.


Wednesday, May 31, 2017

Then and Now: 1818-1894

The Marietta Register, April 19, 1894

My first knowledge of Square 51 and its adjoining territory commenced - I almost fear to tell you how long ago. It was in the year of the pumpkin flood. I, with others of our family, was dropped from a second story window down town into a flat boat and, with other animals, was conveyed to the old house which then fronted Putnam Street, now Third Street.

At that time there was upon this square the house which we entered and the old Court House and Jail. Square 50 upon the east was not built upon. Square 57, immediately west, had upon it three buildings. Square 44, immediately north, had five houses upon it. Square 45, immediately northwest, had four buildings upon it. Square 44, immediately north, had six buildings upon it. Square 43, immediately northeast, not built upon. Therefore, at that time there were thirteen houses in the six squares, where there are now to be found one hundred and eighty-eight.

*Note. The Unitarian church stands on the northwest corner of Square 50; the City Hall on the southwest corner of Square 43; the Court House on the southwest corner of Square 44; the Citizens' Bank on the southeast corner of Square 45; the store building occupied by Rodick Bros. on the northeast corner of Square 57.

The improvement of Second Street seems to have occupied the thoughts of some of the residents of the portion of the town bordering on it, and in reply to a communication calling the attention of the road supervisor to that subject, the annexed communication of Caleb Emerson, Esq., a graduate of an eastern college and a well informed lawyer, will be read with interest, especially by those who remember that old and much esteemed citizen:

D. Woodbridge, Esq.:

Dear Sir: Yours of to-day is received. I have occasionally sought the office of supervisor - the only one for which I ever allowed myself to electioneer - from a love of mending ways. In my first tour of duty, some twelve or fifteen years ago, I found White's Road in wretched condition - abounding with stumps, deep cuts and mud holes. I changed the custom of calling out all hands in two days - to drink and play - had the stumps removed, the bad places mended, introduced the scraper and the custom of working on roads.

The people murmured, and a system was adopted of electing supervisors who would work nearer home. The road was systematically neglected, and of course, very bad - to the scandal of the town. A few years there appeared some difficulty in retaining the accustomed avenue from that road to the Court House - a difficult road at best to keep in repair. I broke ground on Putnam Street and built a bridge in the most convenient place - which last, like most others in this country, has failed - in a great measure owing to neglect of supervisors - though I admit the attempt to succeed by a cheap arch has failed. The ascent of Putnam Street has gone out of repair for want of a little timely labor. Hence a wonderful clamor has been maintained against me - aided by my neighbor, who promised, and has kept it faithfully, to do me all the harm in his power, because I would not assist him to get some road funds to which he had no right.

When I obtained the office last spring, I hoped, with the aid of the taxes and a balance of said fund, now in the hands of Hartshorne, to put the road lying without the corporation in such condition that hereafter a great portion of the road means might remain within. The execrated end of Putnam Street and the bridge I had not specially in view - since part of the difficulties respecting the other path are removed. The stones of the bridge will not speedily wash away - the ascent may be easily made good when my heed is low, and its ruins are no longer needed as a theme of execration. I believe, after all, that the repairs ought to be made in preference to any road work of the district coming within the corporation.

After this detail you will readily conceive my feelings, independent of all disparaging associations, arising from the proposition to commit the road funds of this district to the supervisor of another. In deciding on places and manner of laying out funds and work, I have, if I mistake not, looked at the public interest. I know that assertions to the contrary are somewhat current, and from these I shall probably, as in many other points, have no appeal, except to that final and unerring account, to which we are all hastening. As to the spot you desire improved, I have the same desire, but not the same views. The county road is one of great travel, and there is no substitute without great inconvenience. Second Street is convenient, but not essential to the
public. The road has special need of funds, for team work. There is an ample fund in the corporation, which might have been applied to the street, and during two years past, a few rods of that street have engrossed the most efficient means of the road district - probably the greatest amount - while large sums of money belonging to the ward were lying idle in the corporation treasury - the road in the meantime going into such disrepair, as with such an amount of road funds in my hands, I should not feel myself safe from prosecution, in suffering. There is a part of the road, which is usually bad, now partly turnpike, to which the team work which seven or eight dollars would procure, would be essential - and for want thereof, it must be done with hands, spades, mattocks and wheelbarrows, or revert to its accustomed state of scandalous disrepair.

I am, very respectfully,
C. Emerson.
Sept. 21, 1829.

I could write a whole article about Second Street and its changes, but I must forbear and only say a few things. As you know, this street in passing over Butler Street, also crosses Tiber Creek. Long ago the wagon way passed down one bank of this creek and up the other. During a dry time, foot passengers took the same course, but during the wet season of the year they, as a foot path, used a log which extended from bank to bank and with its huge surface furnished a walking place.

This passage way was once the scene of a very amusing occurrence. Old Christie Carpenter, who lived on Greene Street, early one evening, on his way to the Methodist meeting house, on Second Street north of Scammel Street, singing along as was his wont, entered upon the south end of this log. He soon encountered a large, full grown bear who on his way to his owner's home, as there was considerable water in the creek, had chosen the log crossing. Soon they met; Christie feeling that he had a right of way, waved his hand and said, shoo Bruin, but he not being disposed to back out, raised his paw and gently pushed old Christie off the log. As he came out of the water, he turned to Bruin and said you must be a Baptist.

How changed now, the creek is arched and more than 20 railroad trains each day pass over it.

The changes above spoken of are but a sample of the mutations everywhere visible in our town and county. At the period first named the population of our town was but a handful and large portions of our county an unbroken wilderness, there being over sixty thousand acres of unoccupied land. Now there is not a forty acre lot that has not an individual owner. The wilderness is but of yore.


Wednesday, May 24, 2017

Decoration Day

The Marietta Register, May 27, 1869

By Lieut. Col. John J. Nevin

"The 30th of May is hereby designated for the purpose of strewing with flowers the graves of our comrades who died in defence of their country, with the hope that it will be observed from year to year by all the people." - Extract from Gen. Logan's Order No. 11, Headquarters G.A.R., May 5, 1868.


 Let us gather to the ground,
Our soldiers' graves around,
And strew each lonely mound
With the choicest flowers of spring;
And the spirits of the brave,
O'er the land they died to save,
Shall keep watch while we these offerings bring,
And when we forget their valor
Gave our liberty new birth,
May their ungrateful country
Perish from the face of earth.


We'll gather to the ground,
Our soldiers graves around,
And deck each lonely mound
With the fairest flower o'er,
And the land they died to save
Still shall honor thus her brave,
And forget them never more.


Oh then, on bended knee,
Let us mingle silently
The pale anemone
And the dark blue violet,
And the fragrant flow'rs of May,
With forget-me-nots and bay,
And garlands of spring beauties wet;
And their pure breath shall ascend,
Like a prayer, like a prayer,
That our land may find hearts as true,
As those that moulder there.


And year by year we'll come,
When the flowers are in bloom,
And we'll deck each hero's tomb
On this "Decoration Day";
Till all the South and North
Shall link it with the Fourth,
Twin holidays and holy days for aye;
Yes the Fourth and this new May day
Through all the coming years;
That we'll keep with loyal glee,
But this with patriot tears.

Wednesday, May 17, 2017

German School

Marietta Intelligencer, January 2, 1855

The undersigned intends to give private lessons in the German Language. All gentlemen who want to form a class, please to apply to me on next Tuesday evening, the 2nd day of January, 1855, at 7 o'clock, at my residence on 3rd Street, next door to Mr. J. Sheppard & Co's Candle Factory, in the house belonging to Mr. Schweitzer, wagon maker.

Rev'd. E. C. Zobel.


Wednesday, May 10, 2017

Suffragette to Visit Marietta

Marietta Daily Times, May 9, 1912

Miss Laura Clay of Lexington, Kentucky, an officer of the National Woman's Suffrage association, will be in Marietta on Wednesday, May 22nd, and will deliver an address at the assembly room of the court house that evening at 8 o'clock.

The meeting here will be held under the auspices of the local suffrage campaign committee, on which are Rev. and Mrs. E. A. Coil, Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Morgan, Mrs. Charles H. Turner, Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Middleswart and other prominent men and women.

It is expected that an active campaign in behalf of the extension of the suffrage to women will be launched in this city, in common with hundreds in all parts of the country, the National association and state organizations being more active than ever before. There are many supporters of the movement in Marietta.

Wednesday, May 3, 2017

Crystal Ice and Preserving Company Buys Plant

Marietta Daily Leader, November 18, 1900

One of the biggest deals in real estate and manufacturing interests that ever occurred in the city was consummated Saturday. The Marietta Ice Company disposed of their lots, buildings and plant lying below Butler Street, between Third and Fourth streets, to the Crystal Ice and Preserving Company of this city.

The real estate embraced in the deal consists of one hundred feet fronting on Third and extending through to Fourth. The plant is an extensive one and has been successfully operated by the Marietta Ice Co.  The consideration is said to be in the neighborhood of $45,000.

The company purchasing this valuable property was recently incorporated under the laws of Ohio and is composed of several well known Marietta and Pittsburgh capitalists. The officers are as follows: President, L. C. Braun; Vice President, George Van Dusen; Secretary, George B. Eyssen; Treasurer, William Harrington. Mr. Harrington is also general manager and will have charge of the plant.

The company was incorporated with $50,000 capital stock, but this amount will be increased to $75,000 in order to put in the improved machinery necessary to fully equip the plant for the work in which it will be engaged. In addition to improving the ice making machinery, a complete outfit for the preserving of fruits, etc., and a cold storage plant will be added. These improvements will be undertaken in time to have them completed by the opening of next season. The new company will take possession on December 1.

Wednesday, April 26, 2017

Gas Light Works

Marietta Intelligencer, September 4, 1856

An ordinance to provide for establishing Gas Light Works in the city of Marietta, Ohio.  Be it ordained by the city Council of the city of Marietta, that E. Gwynn and his associates, and successors, to be organized as a Gas Light Company, shall for the term of twenty years, from the passage of this ordinance, have the exclusive privilege of using streets, lanes, alleys, and public grounds of said city, for the purpose of laying down pipes for the conveyance of gas in and through said city, for the use of said city and its inhabitants.

Provided, That all injuries done to said streets, alleys, and public grounds, shall be repaired by said grantees, with due diligence and the same be left in as good condition as before.  And

Provided, also, That for the period of ten years from the passage of this ordinance; the price for gas furnished to said city, and its inhabitants, by the said grantees, shall not exceed four dollars per thousand cubic feet, and that the gas so furnished shall be of the best quality.  And

Provided, also, That said grantees shall cause two miles of pipe to be laid down within four years, and at least one mile of pipe to be laid down, and the contemplated gas works to be erected and put in operation within two years from the passage of this ordinance, and shall by the first day of October next, deposit with the city Clerk of said city, a bond of one thousand dollars to be forfeited if the said contemplated gas works shall not be in operation within two years from the passage of this ordinance.  And

Provided, further That for the formation of said Gas Light Company, books of subscription for Stock therein, shall be opened by said grantees in the city of Marietta, and continue open for the purpose aforesaid, until the first day of October next.  Passed August 30, 1856.

W. F. Curtis, Pres't.
Attest:  R. E. Harte, City Clerk.
Marietta, Sept. 1, 1856.


Wednesday, April 19, 2017


The Marietta Intelligencer, May 30, 1860:

It appears that an ordinance has passed the Council to levy a tax to purchase ground for a cemetery. This is a matter in which the present and future inhabitants of Marietta and its vicinity have a deep interest, and it is hoped that the Council will not, without consideration or examination, jump at the conclusion, that there is but one site in the region suitable for the purpose. The citizens of Harmar stand in equal if not greater need of a cemetery, and their Council will be glad to cooperate in the selection and purchase of grounds to accommodate both towns, if invited or allowed to do so.

A tract of wood land, of from thirty to two hundred acres, on the Harmar hill, in plain view from Marietta, and in many respects admirably adapted to the purpose of a cemetery, can be secured at less than one-fourth the price per acre which it is understood is to be exacted for the Judge Nye park. This site, and one on the lands of Judge Putnam, others on the lands of W. Fay and the Gates farm, with others which might be named, are worthy, at least, of examination and an intelligent report, as to their fitness or unfitness, by persons who are competent to select, before a matter so important to this and coming generations is decided.  But if it is a foregone conclusion that "the Park," and the Park alone, is worthy of consideration, we must submit with the best grace we can, to what will be deemed the hasty and short-sighted action of the Council, by more than one   TAX-PAYER.

*  *  *

The Cemetery
The Marietta Intelligencer, June 6, 1860:

Marietta, May 30.
Mr. Editor:

Dear Sir, - In your paper of the 29th inst., there is a communication in relation to the purchase of a Cemetery, in reply to which I wish to say a few words. In the first place I will admit that Mr. Tax-Payer and the rest of our citizens may have been unfortunate in their selection of the members of the present Council. It is to be regretted that the honor and the emoluments belonging to the office of City Council (without saying anything about the curses they receive) will not induce such "competent" citizens as Mr. Tax-Payer seems to think himself, to come forward and offer their services for the good of the city.

This much I will say for the members of the present Council, that although they may not have "competence" sufficient to satisfy Mr. Tax-Payer, he will find they have independence enough to do what they think to be right and for the good of the city, regardless of the squibs that may appear in your paper or that great and wonderful paper called the Home News. Would it not have been better for Mr. Tax-Payer to have known what the Committee (appointed by the City Council to examine and report to them the most suitable ground for a Cemetery) had done, before he "jumps at the conclusion, that the Council had decided without consideration or examination that there is but one site in this region suitable for a Cemetery."

In selecting a location for a Cemetery, there are other considerations more important than the mere cost of the ground. It is very desirable to have the Cemetery located as near the city as possible, both for the convenience of getting to it and to save expense to those who are under the necessity of using the ground.

There are many of our citizens  who would feel unable to furnish carriages to attend the funeral of their friends, which they would be obliged to do should the Cemetery be located on Harmar hill or as far from town as Mr. W. Fay's or the Gates farm. There is no question but that the Harmar hill would make a beautiful and suitable location for a Cemetery, but the objections to it are, that it is too far off and too difficult to get up to it.

The Committee appointed by the Council for the purpose of selecting a location for a Cemetery, after having all the places mentioned by Mr. Tax-Payer (and in fact some others) under consideration, come to the conclusion that (all things considered) the ground known as "Nye's Park," was the most suitable, and reported the same to the Council. They also called upon Judge Nye and obtained from him his written proposition for the sale of the ground. In justice to Judge Nye, I must say that instead of thinking him "exacting" in his price, I think he has offered to sell the land as low as any one could expect. I have, as yet, not heard any citizen say that the price was too high. The Park contains a fraction over thirty-four acres, which is four times as large as the present Cemetery, so that there is ground enough to last at least one hundred years, which it seems to me is far enough ahead for us to provide for.

Before closing it may be well enough to state that the Council have not increased the taxes, although they have levied a tax for the purchase of ground for a Cemetery. In fact, the tax levied this year is less than it has been for the last six years.

Yours truly,
J. D. Cotton.

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The Marietta Ingelligencer, June 20, 1860:

That our readers may judge how the organ of the German population regards the project for a new cemetery, we copy the following from the Demokrat of this week:

"The City 'Paps,' commonly called the 'City Council,' have resolved to lay out a new burying place. This resolve was made known to the Americans, through the English paper; the Germans, however, were, of course, regarded as paid hounds, who needed to know nothing whatever of the matter, until, in consequence thereof, they should have to pay more taxes.

"To us the whole maneuver appears a gross swindle, against which each citizen should array himself with all his power. The burying-place still has room enough for many years, and the people are groaning deeply enough under the burden of taxes. Bloodsuckers of speculators, who have their accomplices in the City Council, should seek for themselves another field of operation, and not impose still heavier burdens upon the poor citizens, who already have to pay almost all the taxes."

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The Cemetery
The Marietta Intelligencer, June 20, 1860:

The meeting of citizens of Marietta, called to consider the expediency of establishing, at public expense, a new Cemetery, was not very largely attended. After some miscellaneous talking, it was voted to adjourn till next Monday evening.

There are two questions to be decided - first, is it expedient to increase the present burden of taxation for the purpose of purchasing and laying out a new Cemetery; and, second, if expedient, where shall the Cemetery be located. Many citizens, who would not ordinarily object to the purchase of Cemetery grounds by the city, think the present time inauspicious and desire to postpone the matter for awhile. It is believed that the present burial grounds are adequate for a few years to come. 

Others are willing to be taxed, and immediately too, for this purpose, and earnestly desire such a Cemetery, but object to its being laid out and managed by the City Council. The Council is a changing body of men. They are elected without any reference to labors of this kind. This people remember how the Council has in past years looked after the Sacra Via. It would exhaust their time and abilities to look after the city of the living, and the city of the dead might receive little attention.

The persons, thus objecting to the City Council's having control of the matter, would prefer that a distinct Cemetery board or corporation be authorized to act in this matter, and into their hands whatever funds the Council might raise, should be placed. The advantage of this plan is, that a board would be chosen with reference to its special fitness to lay out and control a Cemetery. Such a board would constitute a guaranty that the people's money would be expended with wisdom and taste. A properly-digested plan of this kind, it is thought, would be acceptable to most of our citizens.

It was stated in the meeting by a member of the Council that Judge Nye's park would probably be the location selected. Many object to this spot as having fewer merits than some others which have been named.

We suppose the whole subject will be fully discussed at the adjourned meeting of the citizens on Monday evening. We hope to see a full attendance. The subject is one of very great importance. If we are to have a Cemetery at all, we should have it judiciously chosen and tastefully laid out.

*  *  *

Cemetery Meeting
The Marietta Intelligencer, June 20, 1860

At an adjourned meeting of the citizens of Marietta, held at the Court House on Monday evening, June 18th, to consult as to the expediency of the City Council's purchasing grounds near this city, for a public Cemetery, the following resolutions were offered and adopted almost unanimously, after a very full and fair expression of opinion by the very large and respectable assemblage of citizens there present:

Resolved, That in consideration of the deep indebtedness of the city of Marietta and the heavy burthen of taxation now resting upon its citizens, it is impolitic and inexpedient for the City Council to incur the debt of a new Cemetery.

Resolved, That it is the sense and opinion of the citizens of Marietta, that the present Cemetery grounds are sufficiently large for all interments of the dead belonging to the city proper for many years to come; and that the City Council be requested to lay out in lots and sell the same to heads of families residing in the city of Marietta, so much of the large, unoccupied plat of ground in front of, and belonging to the present Cemetery, as may be necessary for the supply of families now destitute of lots.

Resolved, That the Secretary be requested to publish the proceedings of this meeting in the newspapers of the city.

D.C.Skinner, Chairman.
G. H. Wells, Secretary.

*  *  *

The Cemetery
The Marietta Intelligencer, July 18, 1860

The square, now known as the "Mound Square" was originally laid out by the Ohio Company, before it was known that it would fall within Section No. 29; was named by the Directors, Maria Antoinette," and leased by them to General Rufus Putnam; in doing which, particular directions were given as to the kind of trees to be set out upon it, and the manner of ornamenting the square.

When the surveys of the Company had been completed in this vicinity, it was found that the Square came within the limits of Ministerial Section No. 29, and for that reason could not be disposed of by the agents of the Ohio Company. After this fact was ascertained, the Directors of that Company passed the following resolution:

"Whereas, The great mound falls within the line of Ministry lot, (so called);
"Resolved unanimously, as the sense of this meeting, That every prudent measure ought to be adopted to perpetuate the figure and appearance of so majestic a monument of antiquity."

Up to this time and for some years after, the square was in the possession of General Rufus Putnam, who, under the laws of the Territory, was entitled to a lease from the Trustees of Section No. 29.

The land appropriated by the Ohio Company for a burying ground was North of the town, on the ridge beyond the West branch of Market Square run, and containing about 10 acres. After having been used for some time, it was found inconvenient and difficult of access and the Town Council, through one of their members, the late William R. Putnam, Esq., applied to Gen. Rufus Putnam to give up the use of the Mound Square to the town, then embracing the entire township, to be used as a burying ground. 

According to the laws of the Territory regulating Section No. 29, Gen. Putnam was entitled to a lease of the Square; but he consented, on the ground of the benefit it would be to the town, to give up the possession of the square to be used as a burying ground; and by the concurrence of the Trustees of Section No. 29, it was set apart for that purpose, without rent. This was probably about the year 1801 or 2, and since that time the Square has been occupied for burying purposes only.

At an early period the back part of the Square was surveyed and laid off into ranges of lots, but at what particular time, the papers of the city do not state. In 1837 a new survey was made, and the entire Square laid out into ranges of lots, except about 85 feet in depth on Fifth Street, which, by the Ordinances of June 6, 1820, and June 28, 1837, was reserved and burials prohibited upon it. The Ordinance of June 6, 1820, was passed by the people in general town meeting.

The Ordinances of the city have, for the last 40 years, allowed persons residing in the city, to select for the use of themselves and their families, a lot of convenient and suitable size for family burying, which selection it was the duty of the Sexton to record in the name of the person making the selection. While such persons or their families reside within the city, no burials will be allowed to be made on any such lots so selected, unless by the consent and direction of the person in whose name the lot has been entered or the family. When a family remove from the city they cease to have any right to bury in any such lots, for no person who, at the time of his or her death, was not a resident of the city, can be buried in any lot, without a permit from the Mayor.  

An impression prevails that persons who have thus made selections of lots own them. This is a mistaken impression. No lots have been or can be sold, but the ordinances of the city protect persons who have selected lots, in the use of them, while they continue to reside in the city, but no longer. The ordinances of the city also protect the graves of those who have been buried, but unoccupied ground, in the lot of any person who has left the city, is at the disposal of the City Council.

All the lots between the mound and that portion of the Square on Fifth Street reserved by the ordinances of June 6, 1820, and June 28, 1839 [1837?], have been selected and recorded by families now residing in the city, except one lot 12 by 9 feet. With this exception there is no ground that can be selected for a family burying ground in the Square. For the burial of persons belonging to families which have made no selection of a lot for burying, the Sexton has been compelled, for some time past, to resort to lots that have been partially occupied, and when the family that made the selection have removed from the city or become extinct. This can only be done to a limited extent, and the necessity for more ground has been felt by the City Council for some years past and has received their careful consideration.

Until recently the laws of the State of Ohio have not given the needed authority to purchase ground for a Cemetery without imposing a tax too heavy to justify any such purchase. The law of March 17, 1860, authorizes the City Council to levy a tax of not exceeding half of one mill on the dollar for a period of not exceeding six years, for the purchase of ground for a Cemetery. The City Council have so far acted under this law as to pass an ordinance levying a tax of the half of a mill upon the dollar for a period of six years, if necessary, to pay for ground which may hereafter be purchased for a Cemetery. Several localities have been examined, and the matter has been under consideration by the Council for some time past, but as yet no such ground has been purchased.

It has been stated by some persons not acquainted with the facts, that the City Council propose to prohibit further burial in the Mound Square, and to require the remains of persons now interred there, to be removed. It is sufficient to say that the Council have never entertained any such purpose. They feel as much repugnance to disturbing the graves of the dead as any other persons can; but they also feel the necessity of providing some place for the burial of the dead where such a disturbance is not likely to take place.

It has been said that the Council propose to sell out the front on 5th Street for building lots. This they cannot do, if they would, for it would be a violation of the purposes for which the square is held. The number of lots selected by families now residing in the city is about 600. The number of families actually living within the city limits is estimated at about 900, hence, 300 families have as yet no lot in the Mound Square, nor can they select any, for no lots remain unappropriated except those now partly occupied.

For some years past the taxes of the city for city purposes have amounted to 10 mills on the dollar. This includes the tax for interest on Railroad, Landing, and other bonds of the city, including school house bonds, amounting in all to seven and a half mills on the dollar. As the school houses of the city have now been paid for, the tax for that purpose has been omitted. The tax to pay the interest on landing bonds has been reduced from one mill on the dollar to half a mill on the dollar, thus reducing the city taxes, exclusive of cemetery to 9 mills. Adding half a mill on the dollar for cemetery will make the total 9-1/2 mills, or half of a mill less than for some years past.

By order of the Council
Thomas F. Jones, president.
A. T. Nye, City Clerk.

*  *  *

The Marietta Intelligencer, August 1, 1860

Editor Intelligencer:

In your paper of the 28th appears the following, as a part of the "Council proceedings":

"A remonstrance from D. C. Skinner, W. S. Ward, D. Soler, C. Boomer and J. Wood, against the purchase of the grounds known as "Nye's Woods" for a Cemetery, and asking that all action in the premises be postponed until after the spring election, was laid before the Council. The remonstrance was received and laid upon the table."

Your paper purports to be a news-paper, and of course, to give correct news, and not garbled items, tending to mislead the public.

If the above report was made by your regular reporter, he has most signally failed as a reporter, and if made by one of the City Council, he must be one who is in favor of buying "Nye's Woods," and was unwilling to have the public know the whole truth. The remonstrance, instead of being signed by only five persons, as your report would have the public believe, was signed by more than 330 (333 I believe), man of them heavy tax-payers, paying at least as much as some members of the Council.

The 333 citizens who signed the remonstrance further asked that the question of purchasing a Cemetery might be submitted to a vote of the people at the next spring election. This the report fails to state. Only one conclusion can be made; if the Council "go ahead" and buy "Nye's Woods" after a remonstrance has been presented to them, signed by about half of the legal voters of the city, and that is, that they are determined to use their power even if the will of the people is outraged, and that they are afraid to leave it to a vote of the people, for fear the favorite project of some members of the Council may be defeated.

I enclose a copy of the remonstrance, which I wish you would insert, that the public may judge of the truth of your report.

A Signer.

"To the City Council of Marietta:

"The undersigned, citizens of Marietta, in consideration of our present burdensome rate of taxation, and believing that there is no present necessity for purchasing grounds for a new Cemetery, respectfully remonstrate against the proposed purchase of the grounds known as "Nye's Woods," and should your honorable body not consider this remonstrance a sufficient expression of the public sentiment on this subject, we ask that you defer all action in the premises until after the annual Spring election, and take measures at that time to ascertain the same by submitting the question to a vote of the Citizens of the town.

Marietta, July 24th, 1860."

"Signer" is right. The Intelligencer is a newspaper and "of course, gives correct news and not garbled items, tending to mislead the public."

We endeavor to give correct reports of every matter that interests the people and are especially particular that the proceedings of the City Council should be accurately copied. We have access to the minutes of the Council as recorded by the City Clerk, and copied from them that part of the report which has provoked the communication of "Signer." The minutes read as follows:  "A remonstrance from ____ and other citizens of Marietta against the purchase of the ground known as 'Nye's Woods' for a Cemetery and asking that all action in the premises be postponed until after the spring election was laid before the Council. The remonstrance was received and laid upon the table."

The City Clerk was absent and we put it in this form, "A remonstrance from certain citizens of Marietta against," &c.  Soon after, the City Clerk came into the office and inquired what form we had put the remonstrance in. We told him and he expressed himself as satisfied with it. About noon another member of the council came in and asked to see the report. We showed it to him, and he handed us a paper signed by three members of the Council, himself one of them, with the following correction which he wished inserted: "A remonstrance from D. C. Skinner, W. S. Ward, D. Soler, C. Boomer, J. Wood, against," &c. This is our authority for giving the report as we did. The names of the Council who authorized the change can be seen at our office.

*  *  *

The New Cemetery
The Marietta Intelligencer, August 8, 1860

At the meeting of the City Council last evening, the following resolution, offered by Dr. Cotton, was adopted by a vote of four to two. C. F. Buell and C. Jones voting in the negative.

Whereas, The Committee, who were appointed to examine and report to the Council the most suitable location for a Cemetery, have reported that after a careful examination of several locations near the city, they regard the ground known as "Nye's Park," (all things considered) most suitable for that purpose; therefore

Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to purchase the said Park.

Messrs. T. F. Jones, J. D. Cotton and C. F. Buell, were appointed said Committee.

In justice to those members of the Council who sent in a correction of our report of the Council proceedings respecting the remonstrance against the purchase of "Nye's Woods" for a Cemetery, we have to say that the paper containing their correction did have in it the words "and others," after the names D. C. Skinner, W. S. Ward, C. Boomer, D. Soler and J. Wood. They were written with a lead pencil and so indistinctly that no man could decipher them. The paper has been in the office several days, and out of all who have examined it, no one noticed the "and others" until it was pointed out and explained by one who signed it.

*  *  *

Is It True?
The Home News, August 11, 1860

Is it true that the deed for the new cemetery contains a condition that if the grounds should ever be used for any purpose other than burying the dead, they shall revert to the original heirs! What business is it to a person who sells a piece of property for its full value, to say the least, what the purchaser proposes to do with it? The deed in this case ought not to specify the object of the purchase on behalf of the city.

*  *  *

The Cemetery
The Marietta Intelligencer, August 15, 1860

"The Home News" asks, "Is it true?" - and then proceeds with certain implied assumptions of fact, which are not true. This, negative answer, to his question, it would seem is "News" to the writer or publisher of the captious article which begins with that question, in his paper of the 11th instant. News, which he might easily have obtained by inquiry at the proper sources of information, on the subject, and in a proper spirit; and, thereby, have economized his time, paper and types for the more appropriate publication of correct "news." He might have learned and ought to have known - before he penned that article and committed it to print - that no deed of conveyance - such as he assumes, had, or has been, made the city for the new cemetery ground; and that, by the plain provisions of the law, under which the purchase was made, none could or can be, properly, made, until the purchase money shall be paid. He might too, and ought to have known, or been informed - what any competent legal adviser could have told him - that, by the law of public corporations, such corporations, or bodies, cannot, lawfully, deal in lands, as he seems to suppose; and can only purchase or hold them for appropriate public purposes, authorized by law - by Charter or Statute. He might, also, have learned, without assuming, by implications, the contrary, that no such "condition" as his questions imply, was, or is, in the contract for the purchase of Cemetery ground; or was proposed, or entered the minds of the parties immediately concerned in making it, and that such an idea only found a lodgment in those of ignorant and captious fault-finders.

It may be hoped and should, in fairness, be presumed, that it is not and will not be new to the writer of the article here noticed, that assumptions of fact, where other persons are interested in them, and without evidence to justify and sustain them, are, oft-times, dangerous; and, in the end, mischievous to those who employ them; as they are, in their consequences, to others; and, as they are, also, exceptionable in morals and tend to injustice; and that mistakes of or in law, in matters of importance, are, sometimes, equally serious in their effects; and it may be added, perhaps, that it would be discreet to take a cautionary hint (from, in substance, a chapter in Fielding's "Tom Jones") namely: "that a man can write better on a subject for knowing something about it."

A Friend to Truth and Justice

*  *  *

Council Proceedings
The Marietta Intelligencer, August  29, 1860

August 21, 1860.

Members all present . . .

Messrs. Cotton, J. O. Cram, Charles Sullivan, R. E. Harte and A. L. Haskin were appointed a Committee to make a survey and plat of the new Cemetery ground, and report to the Council.

The Street Superintendent was instructed to have "the weeds and briars cut and the bushes grubbed out of the Cemetery ground as early as possible," and to allow the Dwarf Chestnut bushes to remain.