Wednesday, November 15, 2017

History of the Log Cabin on the Armory Lot - Putnam Street

The Marietta Leader, June 26 1888

Marietta, June 23, '88

My Dear Sir:

I have not the time at my command just now to write to you in full of the cabin. Dr. Hildreth in his Pioneer History says:

"In the month of September 1788 the Cornplanter, principal chief of the Seneca tribe, with about forty Indians arrived at Fort Harmar escorted by a company of soldiers. This chief was an influential man with the six nations, and very friendly to the United States.

A son of the celebrated Brant, with two hundred warriors, was at the falls of the Muskingum in November, and sent a messenger to Gov. St. Clair with the request that the treaty might be held at that place. He returned a mild, but decided refusal.

On the 13th December about two hundred Indians from the different tribes arrived at the garrison.

The following day the council fire was kindled in the Council house, which was a large log house that stood near the north east bastion, on the outside of the fort.

Governor St. Clair was quite ill with an attach of the gout, to which he was subject, during the course of the treaty, and was carried daily by the soldiers in a large chair to the Council.

The treaty was on the 9th of January 1789, signed by Governor St. Clair and 24 of the chief men of the six nations."  

But how about the cabin, say you?

Dr. Hildreth says the Council was in a log house that stood near the northeast bastion of the outside of the fort. What became of that log house?

David Barber, Esq., (son of Col. Levi Barber) who died last year, and who from childhood lived near the old fort location, repeatedly told me that Solomon Dickey removed and lived in that log house near the west bank of the Muskingum. Capt. Levi Barber, who was born in the same locality, and never lived elsewhere, repeatedly told me the same thing and in one of his recent long illnesses, we visited the old cabin, which he identified and reaffirmed what he often before had to me stated.

The oldest son of Esq. Dickey says that this is the identical cabin in which the family lived from about 1818 to the death of his father, which occurred as he thinks in 1835.

I distinctly remember Solomon Dickey. He was a character in his day and generations. I remember to have heard him on one public occasion (rather in a boastful way) claim that he lived in a log cabin that had the Indian smell on it yet, and further claiming it as the house in which St. Clair's treaty was held.

I have written to a very old lady at Mansfield who should know much on this subject.

I might here add that all above claimed is verified by the recollections of a very old and honorable man who from childhood lived in this county and only left us five years ago, and is now among us to renew old friendship.

George M. Woodbridge.

Wednesday, November 8, 2017

Street Lamps

The Marietta Republican, October 29, 1858

The gas lamps put up on our streets by the city authorities are of great service of a dark night. They are not only a great convenience, but a protection against burglars and incendiaries. Were the gas as cheap here as in many cities, our Council would doubtless order twice as many lamps put up.


Wednesday, November 1, 2017

Harmar Market House

Marietta Intelligencer, September 12, 1839

The authorities of Harmar have erected a new market house 23 feet by 50, with wings of 7 feet width on each side. The lower story is of brick and stone, 9 feet between joints. The upper story is of wood, 11 feet in the clear. The building is capped by a cupola about 15 feet in height. The building is convenient, and on the whole it makes a very neat and respectable appearance. 

Wednesday, October 18, 2017

New Line of Stage Coaches

Marietta Intelligencer, September 26, 1839

Messrs. Lewis & Hildebrand have commenced running a new line of coaches from Marietta to Winchester, Virginia, a distance of 228 miles. This line passes over the Marietta and Newport Turnpike, and the Middle Island Turnpike, a distance of twenty nine miles, when it strikes the North Western Turnpike, which continues to Winchester. This line runs through in three days, with but little night traveling.

The proprietors have purchased good coaches and teams, and employ none but careful drivers. Some gentlemen of this place, who have just returned from Philadelphia, assure us that it is decidedly the best route they have ever traveled. The grade of the road is easy, the scenery beautiful, and the mountains are all crossed by daylight.

At Winchester, this line connects with rail roads to Baltimore and Washington.  Marietta being completely at the head of low water navigation, steam boats can reach this point when they can go no farther. This being the case, merchants and others from the south and west, who are traveling east, will find it for their advantage to take this route.

This line leaves Marietta every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday, at 2 o'clock, A.M., and arrives in Winchester on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, at 8 o'clock P.M.  At Marietta, this line also connects with a tri-weekly line of stages to Zanesville.


Wednesday, October 11, 2017

The Harmar Bones

The Daily Register (Marietta), December 10, 1897:

Two Skeletons Found by the Workmen on the Storm Water Sewer on Maple Street

Bill Muncey, one of the men working on the Wilking job on Maple Street, digging a trench for a storm water sewer, was somewhat surprised in the middle of the forenoon today, to see exposed after an unusually deep thrust of his shovel, the bones of a human leg.  He had not been hired to dig up a graveyard. Handling his shovel more carefully, he presently brought out a whole skeleton. It had been lying four feet below the surface, with its head toward the river. It was pronounced by those who saw and were familiar with skeletons to be probably that of a woman. 

An hour later another skeleton, the bones of which were larger than those of the first one, was found ten feet farther up the street, lying in the same position and at the same depth, but with its feet toward the river. The second skeleton was probably that of a man. Dark streaks of earth, below, above and on either side the skeleton indicated where the coffins had been and rotted away, and in those dark streaks were found many old fashioned home-made nails, rusty with age.

Whose the bodies were and who buried them can only be conjectured as no one seen by the reporter had any recollection of a burial place having ever been as near as that to old Fort Harmar.

The bones were found at a point about a hundred feet from the riverbank, on the lower end of Maple Street. Mr. Wilking has preserved the bones and will keep them until he knows where they will be the most appreciated.  

Marietta Daily Leader, December 11, 1897:

A Pair of Skeletons

Friday forenoon workmen engaged in digging a sewer trench on Maple Street, West Side, unearthed two human skeletons at a point about 40 yards from the riverbank. From the difference in structure it is assumed that the bones belonged to a man and a woman. They were found about four feet underground and a distance of eight feet apart. No articles were found which would give a clue to the identity of the persons whose remains were thus ruthlessly disturbed by the march of public improvement.

The skeletons were taken possession of by Dr. Hardy and if they prove on investigation to be of any historical value, will be turned over to the proper persons for preservation.  The skull of the larger skeleton was found to be in fairly good condition, with the teeth still in place and nearly all the principal bones were also sound. The find created considerable excitement for a short time. 

The Daily Register (Marietta), December 11, 1897:

Another skeleton was found this morning by the workmen engaged on the Maple Street storm water sewer. This makes three complete skeletons that have been dug out. The last one brought out was of a man who had a badly broken leg, but it had healed together. The end of another coffin was exposed by the workmen, but it has not been taken out yet.

A Grand Army button, dated 1866, was found near one of the skeletons, but it is a mystery how it came there.

The Daily Register (Marietta), December 13, 1897:

A Very Old Burying Ground
No Record on the Map of 1796

Another skeleton was unearthed this morning in the Maple Street work, and the workmen are now fully satisfied that it is a genuine grave-yard they are going through, in laying the storm water sewer. The oldest inhabitants remember nothing of any burying ground there and a mystery surrounds the finding of the old coffins and remains.

This morning the Register reporter called on Mrs. Jefferson Heston on Gilman Street and from her learned that her mother, Mrs. Fearing, spoke several times that Mrs. Heston remembers distinctly, of the fact that a burying ground had existed in the early days at the foot of what is now Maple Street, but extending rather to the northward. The people living on those lots have never known of its existence, but the findings of the last few days go to confirm what Mrs. Fearing said.

In the County Recorder's office there is a map, made April 20th, 1802 (the original copy). It bears these words, "I certify that the foregoing plan descriptions are just and true. April 20, 1802, Rufus Putnam, Superintendent of the Company's surveys." This inscription is followed by others, attesting to the genuineness of the paper, which is yellow with age. The curious thing about this map is that is shows the street now known as Maple Street, but then as Middle Street, and the adjoining lots on either side, and a considerable distance up the Muskingum is the old Harmar "Burying Ground." In another book, made since that date, but purporting to be a true copy of older books, is a plat dated January 21st, 1796, showing exactly the same streets and lots, just as they exist today in that part of town, and the burying ground located up the Muskingum, where it now is.

In a resolution bearing date of January 21st, 1796, the "Harmar Burying Ground," was set aside for public use, and also other portions of the Ohio Company's purchase, but no reference is made in the 1796 resolution or map to a burying ground in Harmar other than the one up the Muskingum, where it now is. This makes the mystery of these old graves greater than ever. It is probable that it is one of the oldest burying grounds in the State, having been used by the very first settlement here and discarded in 1796.

The Daily Register (Marietta), December 15, 1897:

Remains of the Dead Found in Harmar

The solution of the question as to whose bones are being disinterred by the digging now being done in Harmar does not seem to me difficult, but to compress into a half column newspaper article the reasons for this belief that will meet the present inquiry may be more difficult.

In 1785, under the direction of General Harmar of the United States army, the building of a fortified place was commenced on the west bank of the Muskingum near the confluence of that stream with the Ohio River. This fortified place occupied about three quarters of an acre of ground, in the center of which was the well now under the bank of the Ohio River, the location of which is marked by an immense mill stone, recently placed over its mouth.

The fort was completed in the year 1787, and soldiers under the command of Major Doughty were stationed therein.  The number of soldiers occupying the fort varied much during the next six succeeding years, sometimes numbering five hundred, at other times they were reduced to fifty.

It, perhaps, would be well here to say that during the Indian war, many families lived in and near Fort Harmar. It is frequently mentioned by Dr. Hildreth that at the various festivities at Campus Martius and the Bowery, the officers were accompanied by their wives. The presence of ladies at Fort Harmar will account for the skeleton of the woman lately disintererd.

Immediately adjoining this fortified camp, garden lots extended back some distance and up the Muskingum bank near where the old Muskingum River locks were. These gardens were planted with trees of various kinds and much of the ground faithfully worked each year, the soldiers thus raising vegetables and fruit for their own consumption. Within the pickets, which enclosed several acres, on eligible sites, were built two large hewed log cabins for the artizans, one of which was used by Gov. St. Clair to hold the treaty with the Indians, which was concluded January 9, 1789.

The writer knows of no record of deaths or burials during the ten years of the occupancy of these grounds, but it is presumable that many deaths occurred and, as danger attended any outside movements, that interments took place within the picketed enclosure, which embraced the ground where the remains of the dead are being unearthed on Maple Street.

Most happy would I be in a much fuller manner to give my views on this subject to any enquirer that would favor me with a call.

George Morgan Woodbridge.


Wednesday, October 4, 2017

Fort Harmar Well

The Marietta Register, May 27, 1869

The boys have taken out the rubbish in the old well that was in the Fort at Harmar, to the bottom, and found in it a cannon ball. The Fort embraced within its walls about three-fourths of an acre, the greater part of which caved into the river many years ago.

Wednesday, September 20, 2017

Hail Storm

The Home News, March 19, 1859

A sudden and violent hail storm, accompanied with high wind and a flood of rain, broke over this city and vicinity at one o'clock yesterday afternoon. The hail, about the size of peas or buck shot, soon covered the ground, but were too small to do any damage to window glass. 

Considerable havoc was committed by the wind in various quarters. The cement roofing from the brick building on Ohio Street, occupied by Cotton & Gray as a furniture store, was partially blown off, as well as that from the Wharfboat. The parapet gable of the old brick store on Ohio Street was blown over on the roof of Hall & Snider's bakery adjoining, entirely demolishing half of the roof, from front to rear, breaking a twelve-inch joist, and falling to the lower floor, within a few inches of a boy at work. 

The roof of N. Bishop's blacksmith shop on Fourth Street was blown in and fell on a man named Robert McKittrick, considerably bruising him about the head and body. A portion of the roof was carried a distance of 25 yards. About one-eighth of one side of the roof of Brown & McCarty's tannery on Third Street was lifted up and completely folded back. The window panes in the front of W. Mervine's house on the same street were dashed out. One of the chimneys on the residence of Col. Mills was overthrown, and another on the jail shared the same fate.

"The wind it blew,
The hail it flew,
And raised particular thunder
With skirts and hoops
And chicken coops,
And all that sort of plunder."

P.S.  The rain of yesterday afternoon turned to snow about midnight and this morning is half an inch deep on boards, bricks, &c. and still slightly falling, though the mercury has sun to 33 degrees only. Unless it becomes colder, fruit cannot suffer much.

Wednesday, September 13, 2017

Marietta College - New President

Marietta Intelligencer, January 13, 1855

Our readers are aware that Rev. Dr. Smith has resigned the Presidency of Marietta College, and is to enter upon his duties in Lane Seminary in April next.  The Trustees of the College held a meeting on Thursday last, and with entire unanimity, made choice of Prof. I. W. Andrews as President Smith's successor.

Prof. Andrews has been connected with the College about sixteen years, we think, having occupied the post of Tutor for perhaps a year, and that of Professor of Mathematics for about fifteen years.  He has filled the Professorship with distinguished ability, and the best possible evidence  that he has performed its duties to the entire satisfaction of the friends of the College, is furnished by the Trustees' unanimously promoting him to the Presidency.

The friends of the Institution may well be congratulated upon the election the Trustees have made. We believe that President Andrews will fill his new office as to others, and as creditably to himself, as he has that of Professor of Mathematics. He has some peculiar qualifications for his new post - among which we may mention his remarkable talent as an Executive officer, and as a thorough, prompt, and efficient business man.

That the appointment will be a very popular one in the community generally there can be no doubt. Unlike most scholars and scientific men, Professor Andrews is eminently a practical man, and ever since he resided in Marietta he has identified himself with every enterprize having for its object the prosperity of the town and county, and the general good of the community. His active labors in behalf of Public schools throughout the State are known to all, as are his efforts to build up and sustain every cause which seeks to elevate the condition of men, and promote the best interests of all classes of society. He is, in short, a Life Man, progressive and yet conservative, neither one-idead nor one-sided, but a symmetrical, whole and true Man.

The election of a successor to Prof. Andrews in the Mathematical Department is not yet announced and probably will not be until after another meeting of the Board.

Wednesday, September 6, 2017

Marietta to Devola: "Our Coney Island"

Marietta Daily Times, July 24, 1917

Conditions noted along the line, and things we saw on this trip, cause us to speak of it through the press, for we believe some persons living here do not fully appreciate the many good and beautiful things of really high class that they see and pass each day, because they are either absorbed with other affairs, or don't have their "thinking caps" on.

After leaving the city and on arriving at Rathbone, we noticed with pleasure and relief, that the "avalanche" in front of Mr. Marsh's home that has advanced several times without orders or even giving the countersign, has been arrested , and that he seems now to have the conditions well in hand, all of which must have required courage on his part in trying to hold this soil where it belongs.

Then coming to the Children's Home, we find the exterior conditions in fine form, and while we did not visit the Home, we learned that Mrs. Jordan, who is in charge, is complete master of the institution, outside and in, and that much credit is due her for her faithful and untiring efforts.  She has instituted gardening, or truck growing, among the little boys, who have small lots or tracts laid off near the car line tracts from car windows, all of which show that the boys take pride in doing the work and doing it well, and through Mrs. Jordan's efforts, there is being instilled into the nature and being of these boys that grand feature in any man's life, industry and pride in what he does.

Who knows but that some of these boys may some day be leading men in many ways of agriculture.  Mrs. Jordan buys their products, pays them the money, and they are to spend it for clothing or the useful things they need, which proves another good point brought out by Mrs. Jordan.

Splendid Wheat Field

On up the beautiful paved way, through gardens galore, we next came in view of a wheat field on the land of W. W. Mills at Millgate that arrested our attention.  It has been our good fortune to have visited some of the leading wheat growing states from Portland, Maine, to Portland, Oregon, and in all our life, we have never seen a field of wheat that was better, and few that equalled this.  Judging from the thickness of same, its even height, and being so well filled, these points make it a sure prize winner this season in Ohio.  It was a grand sight for the eyes of those who enjoy and appreciate anything along this line of agriculture.

We saw it after it had been cut and shocked and should like to know how much it would yield per acre.  We understand that at a meeting of farmers and fruit growers which was held in Marietta recently, Mr. Mills and Mr. Chamberlain and other prominent landowners were present, and each addressed the meeting, both claiming they were not real farmers, but simply "agriculturists."  Well, we think Mr. Mills has the wheat growing theory on the right plan and would suggest that some of our farmers get his formula and apply his method in producing the crop for 1918.  He surely has the key on wheat growing and the soil to back it.

We did not visit his delightful summer home on the crest, above Millgate Station, the view of which is hidden from the driveway below by the canopy of trees on the hilltop, but we are told that all its beauty and grandeur are at once uncovered when you arrive at the summit, and that the view up and down the beautiful Muskingum and across the valley is extremely picturesque.  Mr. Mills, with all his wealth, generosity, hospitality and patriotism, is a grand man to have in this or any community.

One Big Garden
Leaving Millgate, we passed the lovely farm homes of Mr. Dawes, Mr. Cram, Mr. Dyar, and the Devol Brothers, and you are simply in one big growing garden, interspersed with fields of corn, alfalfa, barley and oats, all of which indicate great prosperity.
The next we find is the Country Club grounds on the farm of the Devol brothers, and they are beautiful from either the driveway or the Inter-urban car line. From the latter you see the north side and golf links, while from the driveway you see the south side and the "automobile trail" into the grounds.
We left the paved way at Mr. Dyar's and took the dirt road up the river front, and when we passed the Country Club we were then upon the large farm of Harry Chamberlain. He has recently erected a very fine barn, in fact about the last word in barn construction.
This magnificent structure, 60x100 feet, with mandrel roof and all the associate buildings surrounding it, and the beautiful grove in the background, makes a commanding appearance from the river front. Mr. Chamberlain has moved from their old resting place these associate buildings, from near the home. The new structure is very spacious and convenient, having automatic water service and complete sewerage system, with creosote blocks installed, and perfect ventilation, in which the air can be changed every twenty minutes.
After seeing inside, as well as the outside, we were reminded of the two battleships we once went on board, while they were anchored in the harbor at Seattle, long years ago. I refer to the Charleston and the Baltimore.
In the new barn, Mr. Chamberlain keeps his herd of pure bred Guernseys and high grade Guernsey Jerseys, while in the other barn, the horses are quartered.  The associated buildings comprise the chicken and hog houses, blacksmith shop and machinery or tool house. The moving of all these was a large undertaking, but their going has added much to the beauty of the surrounding home at Walnut Hills.
Mr. Chamberlain takes great pleasure in all of his home affairs, but especially is he proud of his herd of pure bred Guernseys and feels that in "Souvenir of Mt. Vernon," which is at the head of his herd, no better sire can be found in the country.
Marietta's Coney Island
We finally landed at Devola and took a stroll down to the beach that we have heard so much of, and where the bathing is so fine and attracts thousands of persons during the bathing season. Some are going in now, but a little later the season proper will open and the sport will be kept up until cool weather. The banks of this beautiful river are dotted with campers all summer, some of the camps being elegantly fitted up and equipped for home comfort and pleasure, by some of Marietta's leading citizens and persons from a distance, who spend their vacation here in leisure hours of bathing, boating and fishing.
The famous resort is to Marietta, what Coney Island is to New York City, and we readily see why it is so popular with the people.
Returning to the station we met a friend who wanted to show us some real estate values in the way of lots at Devola, so we walked about with him and looked them over, and I must say if Devola is to ever take on any boom, the owners of these lots, or some of them, must give the lots a shave and a haircut, for they do look wild and wooly. The mullen and weeds were "head high to a giraffe" on some lots, and such conditions lead the passerby and onlooker to think the owners had forgotten they had these lots, or decided the suburb was a "dead one," and no use to clean up. No greater mistake can be made, however, than to think that the influence of such conditions are not detrimental to Devola.
There are some pretty homes here, the "Flag Bungalow" of Mr. Peters, and the bungalow of Mr. Withum are new and modern in all ways, and equally so is the stucco home of Mr. Ryan. Recently a town hall has been erected on one of the lots at Devola, and it adds much to general appearances of the village. The business meetings of the township and all the elections will be held here in the future, rather than at Unionville, as has been the custom in the past. The building is frame, with brick veneer and stone trimmings, very substantial and cozy.
Near the town hall and station is a store and dwelling combined, owned by Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Johnson, and this serves a great convenience, not only for the residents, but also for the campers on the waterfront. We understand there are some persons living near Devola, who can do some of the "specials" in life, or that they are "combination people."
A combination horse is rated as one of the most useful of all horses, because he can do different gaits, and can be used under the saddle and is equally useful when hitched in harness, and I believe the same may be applied to a man who can do many things with success.
We were told Carl Becker, who is the leader of the orchestra at the Auditorium Theatre in Marietta, and a man who is recognized by the musical profession everywhere, and who has clerical ability unusual, is also a practical farmer and truck grower near Devola, and that Dr. Frank Sparling is a prominent physician in the community, and at the same time a very successful farmer and truck grower, employing a large force of help during the garden season, and that R. B. Ward is a pioneer farmer and truck grower on scientific principles, having educated both his sons at the College of Agriculture at Columbus.
Mr. Ward is sort of a "Community Father," being a man of affairs in the township and community in general and always on deck.  Ed Devol spends his summers in farming and truck growing near Devola and in the fall goes to Florida, where he spends the winter engaged in the culture of oranges and grapefruit, near Winter Haven.  We were told that other prominent truck farms were on up above Devola, and that another summer resort, called Fern Cliff, was only one mile away.
At this resort they have a dance hall and amusements of all kinds all summer, and that a Mr. Stowe lives near there, who is very popular with the Brotherhood of Elks, who accept and enjoy his hospitality many times during the summer, and that the United Woolen Mills people have a fondness for him and his fine home and take their vacation trip to his place each summer, where they dance and feast, and that all the girls of the company think there is no one just like "Pop Stowe."  We surely were pleasantly met by all on our little trip, and enjoyed it very much and think we would like to own a home at Devola, and some day we may.
Joker Starts Something
While were were waiting for the car, our attention was called to a sign on some stakes where pumpkins were planted. It read like this, "Pumpkin Park, California pumpkins, watch 'em grow, they say they grow to be ten feet long. Say boys! I mean the vines." We could not understand its meaning, and as we read it some gave us the laugh. So we called up Mr. Wilson, who is in charge of the Inter-Urban affairs and grounds at the station, and asked him if the company was starting an "experiment farm" on the station lot at Devola. He said they were not, and that he had advised the party who had the "nerve" to plant said pumpkins on their land that a trip to Columbus, Ohio, was in store for him for trespassing on the company's grounds. We then inquired who the "Jasper" was who did this, but no one about Devola could or would tell.
We wanted to return to Marietta over the gravel road and paved way, via the Putnam School and church building combined, by the way, established the same year the writer first saw the peep o'day in 1859, near which Sam H. Plumer lives, who is one of the county's best, reliable and industrious men; also the home of John Strecker and his son-in-law, Elmer Drain, who are very successful in everything they attempt, and the old "Devol homestead," where Clark Devol is "monarch of all he surveys," and the county experiment farm, in charge of that good and capable man, Owen Riley, also the "Iris," a suburban home owned by our old friend, Will Neubeck, who we regret to learn is in poor health.
He has made this land, bought of Charles Dyar, into a beautiful country home and farm, which is being farmed by a Mr. Davis, who is a hustling farmer, with good ideas, a fine wife and bright family, among which is a son who was strong in the corn contest of Ohio, and had a free trip to Washington, D.C., and other eastern points last year, where he enjoyed all and got much good information.
Right here, we are also near the land of the Devol Brothers, who not only farm and grow garden stuff with great success, but are also among the leading dealers in Ohio in "white face" or Hereford cattle, pure bred and high grade.
We should have called upon Mr. Devol of dairy fame, but time did not allow.  "Jimmy" is a real bright up to the minute fellow, not only in dairy work, in general farming, and the affairs of our country, and how he and his cousin, Ed Devol, of Devola, have ever escaped matrimony is more than some can understand. They are congenial fellows, who seem to have a fondness for the ladies, but a lack of courage to propose.
If somebody don't shoot or imprison me for this write up, I may appear again, as soon as I harvest the pumpkins at Devola.
We were told at the last moment that Pinchville or Pinchtown, on the way has been changed to Unionville. We asked why its original name, "Pinchville," and were informed that in days gone, booze was administered from this, a road house there, and that the frequenters were mostly from Marietta, and all got pinched; thus the name "Pinchville."


Wednesday, August 30, 2017

Rathbone Heights

Marietta Daily Times, January 30, 1914:

Observing what is being done in and near the city, it might be well to note the rapid strides the new addition known as Rathbone Heights is making at the upper end of Third Street. 

We recall the fact that only a few weeks ago this new addition was a dairy farm and since that time it has been surveyed into desirable residence lots with large frontages, some of which are 80 and 90 feet with great depths, being a great place for a good garden and to raise chickens.

The observer notes the fact that a beautiful drive, known as Sunset Drive, is almost completed from the paved street on Muskingum Drive to the top of the hill, being 40 feet wide and a good grade.

Five new bungalow houses have been contracted for and one is now nearing completion, which is attracting considerable attention. Numerous sales have been made during the past week to residents of the city, who are particularly fond of sunshine and plenty of room and fresh air.

The writer knows of no more beautiful addition, considering the location, its nearness to the city, street cars and paved streets, than Rathbone Heights Addition, and predicts for it within the next six months many attractive homes with green lawns and contented families with the ring of the carpenters' tools still there in their ears.

Rathbone Heights Sales Continuing
Marietta Daily Times, February 18, 1914:

Mr. Charles Bertram of Scammel Street has purchased of Doan & Mann a fine lot in this new addition out of high water, and will at once commence the erection of a fine home. The plans for this beautiful structure are now in the hands of the architect and the contract will be awarded at an early date. Charley says: "Rathbone Heights for him," it being out of the water.

Mr. John W. Holliday of Parkersburg, W. Va., has also purchased lot 34 of this addition and will commence the erection of a bungalow this spring. Mr. Holliday has been paying $30 per month rent for the past several years, and the liberal terms offered by Doan & Mann in securing one of these fine lots and the possibilities of getting a home of his own, appealed very strong to Mr. Holliday and family.

Lot 32 has been sold to a prominent lady of the city, who wishes her name withheld from the public and who now is perfecting plans for the erection of a bungalow the coming spring.

To the young man or young woman who is desirous of buying something in the form of an investment, or securing a home, and on the easy terms offered, Rathbone Heights lots should appeal to them.

Wednesday, August 23, 2017

Harmar Cemetery

The Marietta Register, July 11, 1867

The Harmar Cemetery contains some "tombstone literature" that is worth printing, as follows:

William Thomas Milligan, died May 18, 1853, aged 22.
     All you take notice as you pass by,
     As you are now, so once was I.

John Taylor, died July 20, 1836, aged 46.
     How strange, O God, that rules on high
     That I should come so far to die;
     To leave my friends where I was bred
     And lay my bones with strangers, dead.

We also notice that Isaac Humphreys, Esq., a noted Democratic politician in this county in former days - a member of State Senate - was born in Ireland, January, 1768 and died in Harmar, June 2, 1850, over seventeen years ago.

William Skinner, one of the early merchants of Harmar, was born at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, February 22, 1768, and died, December 14, 1840.

Martin Ludixen, a native of Poland, died August 11, 1841 - "crossed the Atlantic sixty times."

Wednesday, August 16, 2017

Hungarian Hall

The Home News, February 12, 1859

Is there a City Marshal among us?  Has he no authority to break up such low places of resort as the one called "Hungarian Hall," on Ohio Street, between 2nd and 3rd? If not, cannot the City Fathers do something to abate the nuisance?

Wednesday, August 9, 2017

A Scrap of History

The Marietta Register, April 19, 1883

A scrap of Pioneer history showing how a Washington County boy became a King.

Among the sturdy men who emigrated from Connecticut to Ohio was one named Stephen Guthrie, who located in the settlement called Newbury, at the lower end of the county. His first wife was Sally Chappell and they raised a family of six sons and two daughters. Four of the sons went to Putnam, in Muskingum county, and became prominent men in that town. The oldest daughter married Amos Dunham and died at Pomeroy a few years ago. The youngest daughter was the wife of Walter Curtis, and died at her home in Newbury in 1881.

Mr. Guthrie's wife died and he married a widow named Palmer who lived in Marietta, who had previous to her second marriage, four daughters and two sons, some of whom will be remembered by the older class of your readers. Mary Palmer married Richard Short and settled in Lowell, where he died rather mysteriously many years ago. His widow still lives with a daughter in Columbus. I believe Achsah Palmer married Erastus Guthrie, a son of Stephen Guthrie, who occupied the homestead in Newbury for several years and afterward moved to Malta, in Morgan County, where he died and the widow died and was buried at West Columbia, West, Va.

Waterman Palmer went to Pittsburgh, became wealthy in the dry goods trade, and was well known to all Washington county merchants who in those days made semi-annual trips to the Smoky City to buy goods.

Walter Palmer, the youngest son, left Newbury, entered the store with his brother, and being a high spirited, adventurous youth, became disgusted with the confinement and vexations which generally attend the life of a young clerk, ran away and no tidings from him were received by his anxious family and they supposed he was dead. 

Long years after the Palmer family learned indirectly that the brother whom they supposed to be dead, went to South America, became a sailor on the Pacific Ocean and his vessel was lost in a storm. The crew took a boat and after much privation landed on the Sandwich Islands, where they were received with great kindness by the natives. 

Walter, with that enterprise and confidence which characterize men in Ohio, made love to the King's daughter and became his son-in-law. His wisdom, energy and amiable qualities rendered him very useful and influential among the people, and upon the death of the old King was unanimously elevated to the throne, and under his rule, reforms were established which elevated the Islanders from a race of savages to a civilized nation. Thus did the truant boy who left Washington County to seek his fortune, become a king and father of the present King Kalulu.

Truly, the adventures of this Ohio boy read like a tale of fiction.


Wednesday, August 2, 2017

Court Proceedings

The Marietta Republican, May 14,1858

The May Term of Court has despatched the usual amount of business. A number of interesting civil cases were disposed of involving sums of from $10 to $1000. Several cases of assault and battery were tried upon the Criminal side. Albert Rodgers, found guilty of assault and battery. David Lefevre was fined $35 for the same offence, and Newton Wood, a small boy, was fined $15 on account of a fray between he and an elderly lady, the preponderance of testimony indicating that he had been the aggressor, although he was doubtless more seriously injured than his feminine antagonist. Levi Barber plead guilty to an assault and battery upon J. M. Jackson and was fined $10.

Wednesday, July 26, 2017

New Market Building

The Marietta Republican, April 29, 1859

George Shearer has commenced a new building fronting on Greene Street 22 feet, and 50 deep, to be two stories high, with a basement. The basement he intends for Butcher Stalls, and first floor for a depository of vegetables &c.  Free to everybody during market hours. The upper story is intended for a public hall. It is the intention of Mr. Shearer to have the building completed by the 10th of May. Such a building as the above is much needed in Marietta, especially a hall.

Friday, July 21, 2017

Esther Hall

The Marietta Republican,, April 23, 1858

Died, in Adams Township, April 11th, Esther, wife of Walter hall, in the 89th year of her age. She was born in New Hampshire and came to Marietta with the Ohio Company. She lived in the block house at Marietta for ten years, and lived in Adams Township 51 years.


Wednesday, July 19, 2017


Marietta Intelligencer, March 23, 1853

More buildings will be erected in Marietta this season than in any previous year.

Messrs. Holden will erect a three story brick building, forty six feet front by eighty feet deep, on the ground between the bank and Crawford & Co.'s Book Store. The building which this office now occupies will be torn down in a couple of weeks to make place for the new block.

On the opposite side of the street, Messrs. Rolston & Co. and J. E. Hall will erect a double brick block, three stories high - eighty feet deep. Anderson's Jewelry shop is now on wheels and is to be placed on a vacant lot on the Cotton property. The other buildings occupying the site of Rolston & Hall's contemplated block will probably be moved this week.

Mr. Soule has put an open front into the dwelling house which he recently bought of Mr. Dunn and will soon open a new hat store in what was lately the Mayor's parlor. Mr. S. will also put up a two story brick building on the vacant ground between his property and Mr. Shipman's house.

Mr. Harshberger has put an open front into his clothing store.

Two new buildings are going up between the Post Office and the upper bridge.

These improvements are all on Front Street and they are only a part of the changes that will be made on that street this year.

Perhaps the largest building to be erected in town this season is the Catholic Church, which will be on Fourth Street. Between 300,000 and 400,000 brick will be used in the construction of that building.

The number of private residences to be built this year is much larger than ever before. Arrangements have already been made for the erection of dwelling houses on every street, and almost every square, in the limits of the corporation.

Mechanics of all classes will find work plenty and wages good.

*  *  *

Front Street
Marietta Intelligencer, April 13, 1853

Front Street is changing a good many fronts, and business of every sort is brisk enough there to satisfy any but extravagantly "fast men."

J. D. Barker & Co. have just opened a new establishment in new and neatly finished rooms, next door to Woodbridge & Westcott's; Soule & Shanklin have opened a new stock in their newly finished store; Harshberger has repaired and repainted and opened a new stock; Anderson has moved up street and brushed up generally; Baldwin has increased his stock of Jewelry; Leopold & Co. have enlarged and beautified their rooms; James Dana & Co., Curtis & Bro., Capt. Waters, Lahm & Co., Woodbridge & Westcott, and James Holden are all opening heavy stocks of Dry Goods; Nye and Bosworth, Wells & Co. are getting big lots of iron, nails and every thing in their line; Stewart & Co. have plenty of shoes; Cotton & Buell and Perkins have drugs enough for forty counties; Crawford & Co., a good stock of books and stationery; C. W. Crawford has everything in the gentleman's furnishing line; while R. Crawford, Kueck & Holst, Fisher, and Guitteau all hang their sings of creature comforts out in the Tri-Weekly, as well as on the fronts of their establishments.

The two story brick building for several years occupied by the Intelligencer Printing office is razed, and the ground will soon be ready for the foundation of Holden's three story double block. The ground opposite, where Hall & Rolston will build their double block, will also soon be ready for the stone masons.

On Greene Street, Holden, Slocomb, Bigelow & Co., E. M. Taylor, and L. D. Dana (his front is on Ohio Street) are all who have yet announced the arrival of new stocks of goods, but ere long their neighbors will be "on hand," as will also the dealers on Ohio Street.

Success to all of you gentlemen, and that you may certainly attain to it, we proffer you the opportunity of severally sounding your own praises three or four times a week (once a week is altogether too slow for this age) in the ears of a good many hundred people through the medium of the Marietta Intelligencer - "cheap for cash, or approved credit."

Wednesday, July 12, 2017

Muskingum Bridge

Home News, January 15, 1859

The Muskingum Bridge is to be built. That is a fixed fact. The Ross County Court so decrees, and the citizens of Marietta and Harmar supply the material aid, and control the structure until they are reimbursed, principle, interest, and profit. The work is to be commenced as early in the spring as the weather and the river will permit, and compelled as speedily as possible, by the contractors, Lyman & Schofield. So be it.

Wednesday, July 5, 2017

New Map of Washington County

The Marietta Republican, October 29, 1858

Map of Washington County, Ohio, by William Lorey, published by Edwin P. Gardner, Philadelphia, 1858. Library of Congress.

We have received a copy of the splendid new map of our county drawn by William Lorey, Esq., one of the best Civil Engineers in the State, and published by Mr. E. P. Gardner, who has the reputation of getting out some of the finest maps ever published. 

It shows the boundary lines of every lot and tract of land in the county, and gives the owners' names, besides giving all the roads, township lines and all the principal streams. It is very accurately drawn, beautifully engraved and elegantly framed. It is likewise ornamented with excellent views of a number of fine dwellings.

No resident of the county, especially a real estate owner, should be without it. It is very cheap at $5, the selling price. The limited number only over those subscribed for can be furnished, and those desirous of procuring a copy of this ornamental and almost indispensable article, should apply to Mr. Gardner at once. Copies may be had at the County Auditor's office and seen in the business houses and dwellings of Marietta generally.

Map of Washington County, Ohio (1858), Library of Congress website:

Illustrations include: Residences of G. W. Barker, Union Township; Edwin Guthrie, Belpre Township; Walter M. Buchanan, Watertown Township; E. S. and William McIntosh; Mrs. S. M. Dana, Waterford Township; and the Mansion House hotel, Marietta, Mrs. F. Lewis, proprietress.

Plats include: Newport, Bonn, Plymoutha nd Pleasanton, Beverly, Salem, Marietta, Harmar, Buell's Lowell, Matamoras, Grandview, Watertown, Barlow, and Cutler. 

Interesting sites on the Marietta plat include:  Plank Road (above Marion Street); a Powder Magazine on Montgomery Street near Sixth; a Brewery on the corner of Sixth and Montgomery streets; a Candle Factory on Third Street near Warren; Tanneries on Second Street near Sacra Via, on Montgomery at Sixth, and on Second between Butler and Greene; Wendelken's Flour and Grist Mill on Front near Knox; Cotton and Grey's Churn Factory near Seventh and Putnam streets; the Brick Yard of J. Pierce near Seventh and Cutler; the Union Chair Factory on Sixth between Putnam and Butler; J. O. Cram's Saw and Flour Mill along the Muskingum River near Butler; the Gas Works on the corner of Fifth and Greene streets; and the Steam Ferry crossing the Muskingum River at Putnam Street.

Tuesday, July 4, 2017

Fourth of July, 1859

The Marietta Intelligencer, June 30, 1859

"In Union there is Strength."

The American and German citizens will meet on the Fourth of July, 1859, to celebrate the 8erd anniversary of our National Independence.  The order of exercises will be as follows:

A Salute of 13 Guns will be fired at daybreak.

The procession will form at the Court House and will start, under the charge of Jacob King, Chief Marshall, assisted by Lewis Smith and John Theis, Jr., at 8 o'clock A.M., accompanied by two Brass Bands, and proceed down Putnam Street to Front, down Front to Ohio, up Ohio to Second, up Second to Greene, up Greene to Fourth, up Fourth to Scammel, up Scammel to Fifth, up Fifth to Washington, up Washington to Nye's Grove.

Order of Procession:

A four-horse conveyance carrying thirteen girls, representing the old Thirteen States.

Town Council.





Order of Exercises at the Grove:

An address in German by the Goddess of Liberty.

Reading of Declaration of Independence in German, by William Lorey.


An address in English, by the Goddess of Liberty.

Reading of the Declaration in English, by J. F. Huntington.


Oration in English, by M. D. Follet.


Dinner - 12 o'clock P.M.

Toasts and Responses.

Footraces by youths under fourteen years of age. Four prizes: 1st, $2.00; 2nd, $1.50; 3rd, $1.00; 4th, .50.  All youths of fourteen years and under are invited to contend for the prizes.

The whole will be interspersed with songs by the Glee Club, Harmonie and Germania. 

All citizens, native and adopted, are invited to join in this celebration, without distinction of sects or creeds - the birth of our free Republic should be celebrated by all, without distinction, in National love, and it is to a national celebration of this great anniversary that we cordially invite one and all.

By order of Com. of Arra'gt.
Jacob King, Chairman.
G. C. Best, Sec'y.

*  *  *

Fourth of July

The eighty-third anniversary of our National Independence is to be well celebrated by the people of this county and city. The day will be ushered in by the ringing of bells, firing of cannon, display of flags, and martial music. It is expected that the stores and places of business will be closed throughout the day.

At eight o'clock all the day schools and Sabbath Schools will assemble at the Universalist Church and vicinity and listen to an address from Judge Ewart and others. At the same hour the Sons of Temperance of Marietta and Harmar, with their families and friends, will assemble at the Odd Fellow's Hall (over Franks' Foundry) and be addressed by C. F. Buell and George M. Woodbridge. The Odd Fellow's Hall on this occasion will be open to all.

The Defiance Fire Company will be on the ground with their Engine, commanded by Captain Dutton and associates. Also, a band of martial music, under the direction of Captain Corey. 

At nine o'clock a procession will be formed in front of Franks' building, under the command of Captain Snider, marshal of the day, in which the public schools, fire companies, Sons of Temperance, and citizens of Marietta, Harmar, and Washington County generally are requested to join, making the day A National Jubilee!

The procession, with flags, banners and martial music, will proceed up Front Street to Scammel. Seats will be prepared in the shady and beautiful grove on the commons in front of the residence of Weston Thomas.

After the reading of the Declaration of Independence by T. C. H. Smith and a welcome given to the Fire Company and others in a few words, by a speaker to be selected by them, and music by the band, the assembly will be addressed by Hon. Simeon Nash and Hon. Henry Dawes.  After which, refreshments will be distributed to the audience.  It is particularly requested that all who wish to participate in the festivities of this occasion, bring refreshments early in the morning to the stand on the commons, where a committee will be in waiting to receive them.

Let every body come without distinction of party.

Wednesday, June 28, 2017

Gilbert Boomer

Marietta Intelligencer, July 4, 1844

Gilbert Boomer, of this place, died suddenly in the jail at 12 o'clock yesterday (Tuesday). For some weeks past he had been constantly intoxicated, having drank from two to three quarts of whiskey per day. On Friday night last he broke open the ice house of J. E. Hall and took therefrom four kegs of powder, for the supposed purpose of blowing up the warehouse of Mr. Hall.  He was discovered in the act, the next day arrested, and after an examination before Justices Protsman and Allen, required to give bail for his appearance at Court - for want of which he was committed to prison. That terrible disease of the drunkard - the delirium tremens - soon attacked him. On Monday, he fancied himself tormented by witches. Monday night and Tuesday morning devils were in pursuit of him. His ravings continued until nearly noon, when he was quiet for a few moments, and upon entering his room to ascertain if he was sleeping, he was found, lying upon the floor, dead.

Wednesday, June 21, 2017

A Family Bible

The Marietta Times, July 26, 1888

Mrs. C. L. Hall [Caroline, daughter of Daniel Greene and Mary Strout] is the owner of a family bible that has certainly reached a venerable old age. It was published in 1764, and its record of births anti-dates it more than a century. It was originally the property of her grandfather, who emigrated from the West Indies to Baltimore, Maryland, some time prior to the beginning of the present century, bringing with him this bible, a testament, also a number of other valuable books and two slaves - one a barber, the other a tailor, quite a fortune in those days. The combination seems to be an odd one now, but it was probably the proper thing at that early period of our country's history. The bible is in a fair state of preservation and will be on exhibition at the Woman's Fair in the Town Hall on July 24th to the 27th.


Wednesday, June 14, 2017

Boiler Corner

The Daily Register, June 30, 1902

Editor Register:

The old boiler at the corner of Ohio and Front streets - where did it come from and for what purpose was it used? 

The following account, which the writer believes to be correct, was given by the late Ebenezer D. Buell, who was born in 1805, in the old red house which stood on bank of the Ohio river, opposite the head of Marietta island on the Ohio side, quite recently torn down. Mr. Buell spent the most of his life here.  

He says that a man by the name of Adams had a distillery on the bank of the Little Muskingum, where the road leading to Cornerville strikes the creek, for many years known as the Howe place, but at present the Scott farm. Mr. Buell says this boiler was used in that distillery, that he was often there when a boy, as it was not more than a half mile from his father's home.

It will be observed that there is a short pipe on one side, 6 inches in diameter, perhaps, without any arrangement for a connection or for closing other than a wooden plug which Mr. Adams made use of to confine the steam; in so doing he had made the discovery that steam had considerable power when confined, and on one occasion called in his wife to witness the operation while he worked the plug. Having much more pressure on than he was aware of, the plug blew out with considerable force, slightly scalding him. 

Mr. Buell, in speaking of this old boiler, always claimed that it came from the Adams distillery. We have no means of telling just when this distillery ceased to do business. The writer remembers going to school in a house which was very near where the distillery stood and remembers that it was all gone but two or three rounds of the bottom logs. This was as early as 1827 or '28. The only other history I ever had of the old boiler was from the late G. M. Woodbridge, who claimed that it was shipped to his father in transit to some other point and that his father had paid some freight charges which he never collected, as the boiler never got any farther.

William Harris  


Wednesday, June 7, 2017

Fire - Baptist Church Burned

Marietta Intelligencer, March 22, 1855

The Church building belonging to the Baptist Society of this place was destroyed by fire this morning. The pulpit, most of the seats, and some of the doors and windows were removed, in a damaged condition.

The fire was discovered about eight o'clock on the roof and in a few moments the entire roof was in a blaze. The walls of the lower story of the building were of stone and were, of course, but little injured. The loss is about $1,000. There was no insurance.

By most diligent efforts the fire was prevented from extending to the frame buildings near - some of them not more than 20 feet distant. We are requested by Mr. L. Brigham to express his hearty thanks to the people for their vigorous and continued exertions to save his property from destruction. His buildings were in imminent danger, but by most resolute efforts, no serious injury was done to them.

Before this fire was extinguished, another alarm was given, occasioned by the discovery of fire on the roof of O.Franks' warehouse, near his foundry. It was extinguished without difficulty.


Wednesday, May 31, 2017

Then and Now: 1818-1894

The Marietta Register, April 19, 1894

My first knowledge of Square 51 and its adjoining territory commenced - I almost fear to tell you how long ago. It was in the year of the pumpkin flood. I, with others of our family, was dropped from a second story window down town into a flat boat and, with other animals, was conveyed to the old house which then fronted Putnam Street, now Third Street.

At that time there was upon this square the house which we entered and the old Court House and Jail. Square 50 upon the east was not built upon. Square 57, immediately west, had upon it three buildings. Square 44, immediately north, had five houses upon it. Square 45, immediately northwest, had four buildings upon it. Square 44, immediately north, had six buildings upon it. Square 43, immediately northeast, not built upon. Therefore, at that time there were thirteen houses in the six squares, where there are now to be found one hundred and eighty-eight.

*Note. The Unitarian church stands on the northwest corner of Square 50; the City Hall on the southwest corner of Square 43; the Court House on the southwest corner of Square 44; the Citizens' Bank on the southeast corner of Square 45; the store building occupied by Rodick Bros. on the northeast corner of Square 57.

The improvement of Second Street seems to have occupied the thoughts of some of the residents of the portion of the town bordering on it, and in reply to a communication calling the attention of the road supervisor to that subject, the annexed communication of Caleb Emerson, Esq., a graduate of an eastern college and a well informed lawyer, will be read with interest, especially by those who remember that old and much esteemed citizen:

D. Woodbridge, Esq.:

Dear Sir: Yours of to-day is received. I have occasionally sought the office of supervisor - the only one for which I ever allowed myself to electioneer - from a love of mending ways. In my first tour of duty, some twelve or fifteen years ago, I found White's Road in wretched condition - abounding with stumps, deep cuts and mud holes. I changed the custom of calling out all hands in two days - to drink and play - had the stumps removed, the bad places mended, introduced the scraper and the custom of working on roads.

The people murmured, and a system was adopted of electing supervisors who would work nearer home. The road was systematically neglected, and of course, very bad - to the scandal of the town. A few years there appeared some difficulty in retaining the accustomed avenue from that road to the Court House - a difficult road at best to keep in repair. I broke ground on Putnam Street and built a bridge in the most convenient place - which last, like most others in this country, has failed - in a great measure owing to neglect of supervisors - though I admit the attempt to succeed by a cheap arch has failed. The ascent of Putnam Street has gone out of repair for want of a little timely labor. Hence a wonderful clamor has been maintained against me - aided by my neighbor, who promised, and has kept it faithfully, to do me all the harm in his power, because I would not assist him to get some road funds to which he had no right.

When I obtained the office last spring, I hoped, with the aid of the taxes and a balance of said fund, now in the hands of Hartshorne, to put the road lying without the corporation in such condition that hereafter a great portion of the road means might remain within. The execrated end of Putnam Street and the bridge I had not specially in view - since part of the difficulties respecting the other path are removed. The stones of the bridge will not speedily wash away - the ascent may be easily made good when my heed is low, and its ruins are no longer needed as a theme of execration. I believe, after all, that the repairs ought to be made in preference to any road work of the district coming within the corporation.

After this detail you will readily conceive my feelings, independent of all disparaging associations, arising from the proposition to commit the road funds of this district to the supervisor of another. In deciding on places and manner of laying out funds and work, I have, if I mistake not, looked at the public interest. I know that assertions to the contrary are somewhat current, and from these I shall probably, as in many other points, have no appeal, except to that final and unerring account, to which we are all hastening. As to the spot you desire improved, I have the same desire, but not the same views. The county road is one of great travel, and there is no substitute without great inconvenience. Second Street is convenient, but not essential to the
public. The road has special need of funds, for team work. There is an ample fund in the corporation, which might have been applied to the street, and during two years past, a few rods of that street have engrossed the most efficient means of the road district - probably the greatest amount - while large sums of money belonging to the ward were lying idle in the corporation treasury - the road in the meantime going into such disrepair, as with such an amount of road funds in my hands, I should not feel myself safe from prosecution, in suffering. There is a part of the road, which is usually bad, now partly turnpike, to which the team work which seven or eight dollars would procure, would be essential - and for want thereof, it must be done with hands, spades, mattocks and wheelbarrows, or revert to its accustomed state of scandalous disrepair.

I am, very respectfully,
C. Emerson.
Sept. 21, 1829.

I could write a whole article about Second Street and its changes, but I must forbear and only say a few things. As you know, this street in passing over Butler Street, also crosses Tiber Creek. Long ago the wagon way passed down one bank of this creek and up the other. During a dry time, foot passengers took the same course, but during the wet season of the year they, as a foot path, used a log which extended from bank to bank and with its huge surface furnished a walking place.

This passage way was once the scene of a very amusing occurrence. Old Christie Carpenter, who lived on Greene Street, early one evening, on his way to the Methodist meeting house, on Second Street north of Scammel Street, singing along as was his wont, entered upon the south end of this log. He soon encountered a large, full grown bear who on his way to his owner's home, as there was considerable water in the creek, had chosen the log crossing. Soon they met; Christie feeling that he had a right of way, waved his hand and said, shoo Bruin, but he not being disposed to back out, raised his paw and gently pushed old Christie off the log. As he came out of the water, he turned to Bruin and said you must be a Baptist.

How changed now, the creek is arched and more than 20 railroad trains each day pass over it.

The changes above spoken of are but a sample of the mutations everywhere visible in our town and county. At the period first named the population of our town was but a handful and large portions of our county an unbroken wilderness, there being over sixty thousand acres of unoccupied land. Now there is not a forty acre lot that has not an individual owner. The wilderness is but of yore.