Friday, May 28, 2010

Death of James Patten

American Friend & Marietta Gazette, February 14, 1827


Died, at Belpre, on the 31st January last, James Patten, one of the first settlers of Washington County, and an inmate of the Log House that was stormed by the Indians at Big Bottom, in the Fall of 1790.

The writer of this notice, had from Mr. Patten, a short time since, the substance of the following concise account:  There were eleven men at the house, and they had taken lodgings on the floor for the night, unsuspicious of danger.  At a late hour the Indians, (about thirty in number,) approaching by stealth, put the muzzles of their guns through the apertures between the logs, and poured in upon them a most deadly fire.  The bursting open of the door and rush of the Indians into the house were simultaneous with the discharge of the guns.  Such of the inmates as did not pass immediately from the sleep of time to that of eternity, by the fire, were instantly seized, one only making resistance.  William James, whose limbs were as agile as they were herculean, whose undaunted soul could meet danger and even death in any form, thrust from him his first assailants, and with no other weapon than hi fist, laid several of them at his feet.  But even the "Warrior Oak" cannot withstand the lightning's shock.  He was assailed with tomahawks, war clubs, and knives, on the right and left, front and rear, and was literally hewn down.  Mr. Patten and two others survived the carnage, and were taken prisoners to Sandusky, where, after a few years captivity, they were released by the thunder of Wayne's Artillery.

Wednesday, May 26, 2010

Agricultural Notice

American Friend & Marietta Gazette, September 20, 1826

The Agricultural Society of Washington County will meet in the lower room of the Court House in Marietta, on the third Wednesday of October next, being the 16th, at 10 o'clock, A.M. for the admission of members, and for the transaction of business.

At 11 A.M. the Society will form procession at the Court House, under Col. A. T. Nye, as Marshal of the day, and, with music, proceed to the First Society's meeting house, where the Throne of Grace will be addressed by the Rev. Mr. Bingham, and an address to the society by the President, Joseph Barker, jr. Esq.  At 12 o'clock will commence the inspection of the Stock, &c &c.  The several Committees will report to the society, to whom the premiums are to be awarded, in the Court Room, at 3 P.M. immediately after which, the Society, with such guests as may be invited, will partake of a dinner prepared for the occasion, if fair, in the avenue of Mr. Ward's Locust Walk, if not fair, in the avenue of the Court House.

The Committee of Arrangements will see that provision for all the stock is ready, free of expense.  Pens for the stock will be prepared in the square back of the Market House.

The Butter and Cheese, will, without doubt, be presented in the best order, labeled with the maker's name, and deposited in the front room of the building opposite Col. Mills' House.

The Butter and Cheese, which takes the premium on that day, can be exchanged for cash at the highest market price - and no doubt all the butter and cheese of good quality, offered for the premium on that day will meet a ready sale.

The Committee of Arrangements are pleased to make known, that any new and useful implements of husbandry, or improvements on those now in use, or of Domestic Manufacture, Linen, Flannel, Carpeting, &c. &c. and the rare and extraordinary productions of the soil, which have not been named for a premium, will most cheerfully and heartily, be received at the room where the butter and cheese is deposited, and will be taken care of, and exhibited to the Society on that day.

The fruits of the soil that may be presented to the table on that day will be gratefully accepted.

We are constrained to renew our request that our fellow citizens will come forth on that day and give countenance and support to the attempt we are now making for an improvement in our agricultural concerns; every class in the community is interested; and although highly flattered with the assurances of support, we cannot but urge every member to attend on that day with as many new recruits as have an interest in the welfare of the Society.

Nahum Ward,
S. P. Hildreth,
John Mills.
Committee of Arrangement.

The Agricultural Society

American Friend & Marietta Gazette, October 11, 1826

It is with the utmost pleasure we state (from the best information) that the Agricultural Society of this county is fast increasing in numbers and respectability.  It is well known that an attempt was made several years since to form this society, but for want of that support which was due from the mass of the cultivators of the soil, it was suffered to languish for a number of years and was almost forgotten; the scene now appears to have changed; recently, an effort has been made to revive it by several enterprising gentlemen of this county, whose praiseworthy exertions are now rewarded by the flattering prospect of success. 

The interest which every resident in the county has in this institution, either immediately or remotely, ought to serve as a stimulant for them to extend every encouragement for its continuance and prosperity.  It is unnecessary to attempt at this time to point out to an enlightened people the many advantages they will eventually derive from it, to induce them to come forward and countenance an attempt of so much utility - let it suffice to say that emulation facilitates improvement and perfection - that agriculture is the first and most honorable of employments, susceptible of great improvement, and the only true basis of individual and national independence.

Wednesday next is the day set apart for the Agricultural Exhibition; at which time it is anticipated, there will be the largest assemblage of agriculturalists and other citizens from this and the adjoining counties that has ever taken place here, when, the liberal premiums which are offered, the rare collection of noble animals and the choice production of the soil will gratify the eye as well as the taste of the admiring spectator - and, we hope, will excite a desire in the breasts of those who may feel lukewarm on the subject, to improve so fine an opportunity as will present itself for every person to testify an interest in promoting the prosperity of the society.

Marietta Fair

American Friend & Marietta Gazette, October 25, 1826

Cattle Show and Exhibition of Manufactures, by the Washington County Agricultural Society.

The undersigned were appointed a committee to make public the proceedings of the Society on the 18th instant; a day which was propitious, in every respect, to the best wishes of the members of the Society.  The day was fine - the early morn was ushered in by the lowing of cattle, the neighing of horses and bleating of lambs.  Our citizen Farmers were numerous with us at an early hour, and we were honored with the company of gentlemen from the adjoining counties and from Virginia.

This being the first attempt at an exhibition of the kind in this county, and not knowing what calculations to make, hardly upon any one point, allowance will be made - we anticipate hereafter better things - nevertheless, the Society have great satisfaction in the exhibition generally, of what was offered for premium, and also for the generous display of articles not offered for premium.

At 10 o'clock, A.M. the Society met in the Court Room, and received a handsome accession in numbers - elected the officers for the ensuing year; at 11 the procession was formed under Capt. F. Devol, as marshal of the day, and with music preceding, marched to the Church fronting the common, where we had music, prayers, and an address by the President, Joseph Barker, Jr., Esq., which was cordially received.

More time having been taken up in examining the stock, &c. &c. than was anticipated, the company sat down to an excellent dinner at 3 P.M.  At 4, the Society repaired to the Court Room when the several committees, by their several chairman announced the names of the persons to whom the premiums had been awarded, & who were requested by the President to come forward to the Treasurer, sitting at the table, and take their cash.

The scene was truly interesting, and such as made a deep impression on the mind of every one present of the beneficial effect of a society of this kind, fostered by the citizens generally, and properly conducted in a country even as young as ours.

The season being remarkably dry, the products of the soil are light.

The Premiums were awarded as follows:

To Pascal P. Putnam, of Union, $10 for the best Merino Ram.
To John Stone, of Belpre, $1, for second best.
To Benjamin Dana, of Waterford, $5 for the best Merino Ewe.
To Henry Fearing, of Marietta, $1, for second best.
To P. P. Putnam, of Union, $10, for the best ten Merino Lambs.
To Benjamin Dana, of Waterford, $1 for second best.
To Levi Oden, of Waterford, $10 for destroying the greatest number of Wolves.
To John Handlin, the sum of $5, for having destroyed the next greatest number.
To Charles Tidd, of Grandview, the sum of $20 for his horse, Rockingham, the best stud kept in the county the past season.
To George Henderson $1 for second best.
To ____ McAttee, of Waterford, $10 for the best colt under three years of age.
To J. P. Mayberry, of Marietta, $10 for the best brood mare and sucking colt.
To Thomas Seely, of Waterford, $2 for the next best mare and colt.
To John P. Mayberry $1 for the second best colt under three years.
To Charles Fuller $10 for the best bull under four years.
To E. Battelle, of Newport, $1 second best.
To John Stone, of Belpre, $10 for the best cow.
To Wm. R. Putnam, of Marietta, $10 for the best yoke of working oxen.
To Ebenezer Gates of Marietta, $1 for second best.
To Joseph Barker, Jr. of Newport, $5 for the best calf.
To Samuel Brown, of Warren, $6 for the largest Hog, supposed to weigh about 600.
To George Dana, of Belpre, $1 for the second largest.
To John Stone, of Belpre, one Winan's Patent Ploughs, value $10, for the greatest crop of wheat.  See certificates following.
To Henry Fearing, of Marietta, one of winan's patent Ploughs, of the value of $10, for the greatest crop of corn.  See certificate.
To Stephen Dana, of Newport, $8 for the largest quantity of potatoes to the acre.  See certificates.

The committee on Sheep reported that the specimens of the various flocks exhibited great enterprise and attention; the sheep generally were excellent - they had no small difficulty in selecting for Premiums.

The committee on Butter and Cheese, reported the premium of $5 to Mrs. Smithson, for the best.
To Mrs. Middleswart $2 for the second best.
Mr. Manby's and Mr. Lake's were very good.
William Dana, of Newport, received the premium of $5 on the best cheese.
Samuel Beach, of Waterford, $2 for the second best.
O. R. Loring, Wm. P. Putnam, and M. Miles, all of Belpre, exhibited excellent cheese.
Mrs. Wm. P. Putnam sent a beautiful specimen of linen, for which a small premium was awarded.
Miss Harriet Brown, of Warren, sent also a small specimen of very handsome Linen, for which a small premium was awarded.
Handsome specimens of cotton and indigo were presented by John Morris (colored man) of this town, for which a small premium was awarded him.
Specimens of leather, in fine order, were exhibited by Messrs. Dodge & Crawford, and by Otis Wheeler, also by James Forguson.
A handsome specimen of hats were exhibited by Messrs. Curtis & Dunn.

Mrs. Col. Mills, Miss Eliza M'Farland, Mrs. Wilson, and Mrs. Bingham, sent in a handsome piece each, much praise was bestowed on the Ladies for the carpeting - another year more attention will be paid the Ladies for household manufactures.

Several specimens of yellow leaf tobacco, in excellent order were exhibited, by J. Barker, Jr., A. Chapman, and M. Flanders.

A. Warner, of Point Harmar, exhibited an ax, of cast-steel, which is recommended in high terms to the notice of our Farmers.

E. Emerson exhibited specimens of his razor-straps very highly finished - a superior article.

A. Cole, of Belpre, exhibited some excellent baskets, worthy the attention of our farmers, and for which a premium of $1 was awarded him.

There was also awarded to Marvil Starlin, $1 for having raised, on upland, the past season, 52 bushels of corn to the acre - each acre containing 2500 hills of corn.

At the close of the day several articles were sold at auction, at fair prices - Premium Butter at 20 cents per pound - Premium Cheese at 28 cents per pound.

Nahum Ward, Corresponding Secretary.
Wm. A. Whittlesey, Recording Secretary.

Wednesday, May 19, 2010

The Richardson Scandal

The Marietta Register, March 11, 1880

We are not anxious to publish what follows, but a newspaper must give the news and the safety of society requires that crime be exposed and the guilty prevented from covering the shame of exposure with a few paltry dollars.  It is due to the unfortunate, also, that they may know that the public fastens the principal guilt where it belongs.  The statement we have received is as follows:

Two or three years ago a girl of fourteen - a mere child - of respectable family and whose name, up to that time, was free from scandal became entangled in the meshes of him who is now charged with her ruin.  He was over fifty years old, she only a young school girl attending school up to the very day of her confinement.  The two were often seen together and under some very suspicious circumstances.  The neighbors noticed the intimacy and commented freely upon it, but forebore to mention their suspicions to her family out of feeling of delicacy.  But the father, thinking no ill of his daughter, remained unsuspicious.  She was at home early of nights, but frequently visited an attorney's office during the day.

For the last few months General Richardson has not been so much observed in her company.  A pistol bullet through the window of his house, last summer, and sundry other manifestations may have had their effect upon him.

Last Friday, a girl child was born and its parentage was charged upon Gen. Richardson.  It was not the first time he had been connected with similar scandals, though this is the darkest of them all.

The grief-stricken father sought Richardson's office and made known his errand.  The seducer replied he would do what he could, and if $500 would settle it he would pay that amount.  But he could only pay in installments of, say, $20 a month, this sum to go for the support of the child.

"What if you should die before it is paid?" the father asked.

"If I don't pay that before I die," Richardson replied, "I deserve to go to Hell."

"You will go there anyway," was the only response.

Finally a paper was signed and the first monthly installment of $20 was paid.

So the matter rests.  The victim of an old man's lust is crushed and threatens self-destruction, and the tongues of an excited public are busy in denouncing her destroyer.  How he would feel if the fair name of his own child were thus blasted we can not say, but he appears on the street as if nothing unusual had happened.

We know of no worse scandal in Marietta, or one that has ever provoked so much comment.  We are sorry for the seducer's family - deeply so - and we are sorry for the victim and her family; but there seems hardly a palliating circumstance in his case, yet we can not but feel a shade of pity even for him when we think of what he might have been.

Though others may be silent we are impelled to the performance of this unpleasant duty and it now remains to be seen what virtue there is in the court and bar of Marietta.

Monday, May 17, 2010

Raising Putnam Street

American Friend & Marietta Gazette, July 19, 1826


On Friday the 28th instant at 2 o'clock P.M. we will sell to the lowest bidder, a job of hauling dirt, to widen and raise a part of Putnam Street, in front of Mr. Ward's house - sale to take place on the premises, when the job will be pointed out.

Silas Cook, John Clark, John Mills.  Trustees of third Ward.

Monday, May 10, 2010

John Greiner

The Marietta Times, May 13, 1869

We had a call, last Saturday, from John Greiner, of Zanesville.  Thirty years ago, Mr. Greiner was a resident of Marietta, and followed the calling of a painter.  In 1840, he attracted notice by the humorous and witty songs which he composed for the Whigs in the memorable presidential canvass of that year.  These, in a little while, gave him a reputation over all the country.  The Whigs, in 1845, elected him State Librarian, and this office he held until 1852, when Judge Hayward succeeded him.  Since that time, Mr. Greiner has been mostly engaged in journalism.

John Greiner Song

The Marietta Times, May 20, 1869

The following original song was sung by Governor Greiner at a gathering of the Odd Fellows, in this place, on Wednesday night, 12th inst.:

Floating down the blue Muskingum,
     In the merry month of May;
Forests filled with sweetest music,
     Fields with flowers in bright array,
Coming all, with hearts as lightly
     As the dancing waters flow;
On the way to Marietta,
     On the river Ohio.

Nestling homesteads, blooming orchards,
     "Cattle on a thousand hills;"
Sparkling through the fragrant meadows,
     Murmuring brooks, and crystal rills;
Valley of the happy Elk-Eye,
     Richer landscapes who can show!
Journeying on to Marietta,
     On the river Ohio.

Odd Fellows of the Ancient Order
     Built the mystic Covered Way;
"Campus Martius," "Sacra Via,"
     Mounds and Plain, their skill display.
Good old fellows - funny fellows,
     Did a heap of work to show
Our Grand Lodge in Marietta,
     On the river Ohio.

Proudly thought the ancient builders
     Of these Mounds and Way and Plain,
Monuments of skill and labor
     Should forever here remain.
Vain! - for hands so sacrilegious,
     Clay upheaved so long ago,
Make the bricks for Marietta,
     On the river Ohio.

Now, strange fellows, queer good fellows,
     All Odd Fellows, here we see,
The White - the Pink - the Blue - the Green
     And the scarleted degree.
Boasting nigh four hundred Lodges,
     Thirty thousand members true,
All like these, in Marietta,
     On the river Ohio.

The feed the hungry, clothe the naked,
     Stand by those who stand in need;
Fear the Lord and love your neighbor,
     Is the true Odd Fellows' creed.
Aid the Daughters of Rebecca;
     Then, when you to Heaven will go,
You'll remember Marietta,
     On the river Ohio.

When our Order it shall govern,
     Men no more will be deceivin',
Wives no longer will be scolding,
     Odd Fellows will then be even.
Every maid shall have a sweetheart,
     Every widow have a beau,
And a home in Marietta,
     On the river Ohio.

Daughters of Rebecca, blooming,
     Brethren, they are something slow,
Don't get home till nearly midnight,
     Dearest Becky's - is that so?
Ridin' a goat is rather tiresome,
     Sad experience tells us so;
Prove it we can in Marietta,
     On the river Ohio!

Friday, May 7, 2010

Attempted Murder

The Marietta Tiimes, May 20, 1869

A cowardly attempt was made to murder Mr. Merit C. Judd, the night keeper of the Marietta and Harmar bridge, on last Sunday morning, at about 3 o'clock.  Mr. Judd says that at that hour in the morning, a man opened the door of the toll house and inquired the time, and also asked how long it would be till daylight.  Being told that it lacked a few minutes of three o'clock, the fellow commenced cursing because it was so late. 

Paying no attention to him, and thinking he had gone, Mr. Judd leaned back in his chair, and was dozing lightly, when the report of a pistol and the smell of burnt powder caused him to jump to his feet.  His first impression was that someone had fired the pistol to frighten him.  He glanced up at the time piece, and saw that it was just five minutes after three.  Opening the door and looking out, he saw a man by the railing, apparently trying to peep in at the window.  The fellow ran, as fast as he could, toward the Marietta side.  Mr. Judd had but a glance at him, but he is of the opinion that the man was the same that inquired about the time, and thinks he might be able to recognize him.

About this time, Mr. Judd became sick, and feeling a burning sensation on his left breast, opened his clothes and found that he had been shot.  The bullet passed through a thickly padded coat and vest and two shirts, and entered the breast immediately over the heart, lodging against a rib.

Mr. Judd went for Constable Miniear, and the officer came over for Dr. Frank Hart.  When crossing the bridge, on the outside, he heard someone on the inside, but it did not occur to him to search the bridge until after his return.  The bridge was searched, but no one could be found. 

The wound is not a dangerous one, and we are glad to see that Mr. Judd is able to be about.  The object was no doubt robbery, as Mr. Judd says to the best of his knowledge he has no personal enemies, here or elsewhere, who would seek to do him an injury.  All good citizens will strive to bring the would-be murderer to justice.

Thursday, May 6, 2010

Oldest Ohio Residents - 1869

The Marietta Times, May 27, 1869

The Marietta Register publishes the following list of the oldest native born residents in Ohio: 

     Alpha Devol, of Waterford, Washington county, born in Marietta, August 12, 1789.
     William Moody, of Cincinnati, born in Cincinnati, ___, 1790 (?).
     Jeremiah Wilson, of Waterford, Washington county, born in "Fort Frye," Waterford, April 21, 1791.
     Dr. David Oliver, of Butler county, born in "Farmers' Castle," Belpre, May 17, 1791.
     William Pitt Putnam, of Belpre, Washington county, born in "Farmers' Castle," Belpre, April 5, 1792.
     Colonel Enoch S. MacIntosh, of Beverly, Washington county, born in Marietta, May 23, 1793.

The oldest living white native of the present State of Ohio, is Mrs. Evan W. Thomas, of Philadelphia, a widowed lady, and a daughter of General Joshua [sic Josiah] Harmar, U.S.A.  She was born in Fort Harmar, in 1787.

Distressing Accident

The Marietta Times, June 10, 1869

A dispatch by telegraph, from Beverly, at 2 o'clock, P.M., yesterday, says that, at 10 o'clock, on Tuesday morning, Colonel Wm. B. Mason, of this city, while at the house of his brother-in-law, Sylvester Mason, in Adams township, accidentally shot the wife of the latter.  The Colonel had gone out to shoot a chicken, and seeing Mrs. Mason near the well, he went into the barn so that she would not be in range of his gun.  Meantime, the lady had passed around the barn, and was directly in range when the Colonel fired.  The ball passed through an inch board, and struck Mrs. Mason in the bowels, about six inches above the groin.  The ball has not been extracted.  The physicians think the wound will not prove fatal.

Wednesday, May 5, 2010

Steam Boats

American Friend & Marietta Gazette, January 26, 1826

On the 14th inst. was launched from the Shipyard of James Whitney Esq. in this town the two beautiful Steam Boats the "Coosa" & "Warrior."  They were launched sideways and reached the water without the least material injury.  The Coosa measures 180 tons, the Warrior 115.  They were built on contract by Mr. Whitney and Stone, in Mr. Whitneys usual style and very much to the satisfaction of the contractors.  (Capt. J. W. Byrne and Capt. Benj. Horner).  They are destined to run, the Coosa on the Alabama, the Warrior on the Tombigby and will be in readiness to depart in a few days.

We are pleased to learn that Messrs. Phillips and Carrol, of Steubenville, have decided on establishing a Foundary in this Town, to go into operation early in the ensuing season.

From the acknowledged mechanical talents of these Gentlemen for Steam Boat building and the local advantages this Town possesses over towns higher up the River, for Shipbuilding and particularly for Steam Boat building we trust, contractors will find it for their interest in future to build at this place.

                                *               *                *

Messrs. Editors,

Being about to leave Marietta, we will thank you to give the following a place in your paper.

The undersigned take pleasure in stating that they are much pleased with the workmanship, and moddels of the Steam Boats, Coosa and Warrior, built by Mr. James Whitney, at this place, and that they consider him as eminent in his profession, as a naval architect.  The high standing of Mr. Whitney in the estimation of his acquaintance for punctuality and correctness of deportment, renders it unnecessary to add that he complyed with his contracts faithfully and to our entire satisfaction.

James W. Byrne,
Benjamin Hornor

Tuesday, May 4, 2010

The Late Steam-Boat Excursion

American Friend, January 29, 1824

We have been requested by one of the party on board the steam boat Rufus Putnam, in her late trip to Zanesville, to insert the following communication.

On Friday morning, the 9th of January, the steam boat Rufus Putnam, Capt. John Green, left Marietta for Zanesville, with a large party of Ladies and Gentlemen.  The morning was fine, the passengers cheerful, and the boat steamed the current of the Muskingum to admiration.  The following night was dark and rainy, & the boat brought to till Saturday morning, when she started early, stemmed a more rapid current, and arrived at Zanesville before ten o'clock in the evening, too late for the inhabitants to witness the novel scene; but after a few salutations, with interest the hills and vallies echoed the salutation.

Sunday morning was fine, and little was done but to view the boat and attend divine service with the various denominations.

Monday morning was a scene of mutual speculation and gratulation, and all seemed eager to see and take a part in the pleasure party that went on board and descended the river a few miles.  Each town seemed to vie with the other to show most respect to the occasion.

A very large and respectable party were invited at Judge Buckingham's in Putnam; and a respectable number of gentlemen, with their usual liberality, invited Capt. Green to join them at a supper provided at Hughs' hotel, in Zanesville.

A president and vice president were chosen, and among others, the following toasts were drank:

     By the President.  Gentlemen, We have met together to show our gratification at the unexpected arrival at this place, of the steam boat Rufus Putnam, Capt. John Green, of Marietta.  This is the first steam boat that ever was built on the Muskingum river - named after the first permanent settler on the Muskingum, and the first that ever steamed the current to this place.  I will therefore give you Capt. John Green, and the steam-boat Rufus Putnam (Capt. Green being absent,) - May we never want for men of like enterprise, or a steam boat to perform like the Rufus Putnam.

     By the Vice President, -The memory of Gen. Israel Putnam.

     By Mr. I. Putnam. -The citizens of Zanesville and Putnam - Enterprising, and patterns of Enterprise.

     By ____  The Mississippi and its branches -- An extensive field for Steam.

The company separated at an early hour, after an evening spent in hilarity and good feeling.

Tuesday morning was delightfully pleasant - after taking leave of friends, at half past ten got under weigh & left the banks at Zanesville and Putnam, lined with citizens, whose cheers rent the air.

The return of the boat down the river was like a Meteor to Marietta, where she arrived at twilight, all well, without the least accident to mar or hinder.

Thus a steam boat has performed a trip up the Muskingum, hitherto thought impracticable by those unacquainted with the power of steam engines, and by the novelty of it rendered profitable as well as gratifying to Capt. Green.

Sunday, May 2, 2010

Washington County Infirmary

The Marietta Times, June 3, 1869

Last Monday afternoon, at the invitation of F. A. Wheeler, Esq., one of the Directors, we paid a visit to the Washington County Infirmary.  A ride of three miles brought us to the farm.  This consists of about 170 acres, the most of which was purchased thirty years ago, and it was then a worn-out farm.  The soil was light originally, and "washes" in a heavy rain.  This would suggest careful tillage to anybody who knows aught about farming; but it seems not to have had that effect on some who had managed the place, for, two years ago, the ground had got to be almost sterile.  Large quantities of manure are now hauled out from Marietta, and all that can be supplied by J. H. Dye's livery stable has been engaged.  The object is, to make the Infirmary a self-sustaining institution.  There are about five acres of old orchard trees; and sixteen acres of fruit trees more recently planted.  The probabilities are that there will be an abundant - if not an excessive - supply, this season.

Last year, eight cows were kept.  The product of the dairy was 1,000 lbs. of butter, of which 400 pounds were sold.  The inmates regularly have the morning's milk for their supper.

Of hay, the farm, for a few years prior to 1868, did not yield enough; but, last year, there was a surplus, which was sold for $146, and there is still about a ton left.

Mr. Gill, this year, will have pork enough he thinks; heretofore, there not being half the needed quantity derived from the farm.

Of potatoes there was a deficiency in 1868.  This year, the Superintendent has planted 6 acres, all looking well and thirty acres of corn.

The garden comprises an acre and a half.  Mr. Gill has newly fenced and enlarged it.  Last year, he raised eight hundred head of cabbages; 50 bushels of sweet potatoes; a large bed of onions; plenty of peas, and of several kinds of beans; and of beets, more than a sufficiency.  This year, he has set out fifty grape vines; none had been planted before, old as the place happens to be.  Not one of the paupers is a good gardener; an old German who was such, and who loved the employment, died about two years ago.

In the management of matters about the farm houses, Mr. Gill has no assistants other than his wife, his daughter, and Miss Julia Wheeler, a relative.  There are sixty-one inmates, and of these, thirty-five are "foolish," insane, or demented.  Forty eight take their meals in the common dining room; to the others, food is carried.  The victuals are wholesome, and enough is furnished.  We saw the paupers at their supper; and, judging from appearances, we think that extreme poverty has the merit of giving its subjects a better appetite than all the tonics known to the medical profession, and all the "bitters" ever advertised.

Two old women had attained an advanced age.  Mrs. Grant is 94.  She claims that her father was a relative of General Lewis Cass.  Mrs. Cole, another old woman, is 95.  In the nursery were three babies, two white, one colored, born there.  Illegitimate, of course.  One was but three weeks old.  Its mother was walking about, completely recovered, and quite at her ease.

In what is called the jail, several raving lunatics are confined.  One of them, a burly German, with the neck of a bull, was very noisy.  A poor woman, whose reason had been overthrown by abuse from her husband, was afflicted, in addition to other maladies, with the voracity ascribed to the shark.  If she could but get enough, she would eat till death choked her.  She lay on the floor, with her face pressed against the grated door of the cell, and stretched her hand through the bars as if piteously pleading.  Her whole demeanor was that of a caged animal, such as one may see in a menagerie.

To conclude with the Infirmary: Mr. Gill, as Superintendent, devotes his time to the strict performance of what he has to do, and he is plainly an improvement upon some of his predecessors.  Perhaps the farm - such as it is - may never be completely self-sustaining; but he is making it as nearly so as he can.  In this, he has the co-operation of the board of Directors, and without it, little, perhaps, could be effected.

It was after six o'clock when we left the Infirmary, and, at the request of Esquire Wheeler, we went up the Muskingum river road to the Children's Home.  This is now in charge of Dr. S. D. Hart, and his excellent wife.  They are assisted by three nurses, a cook, a dining room girl under the direction of the cook, and one seamstress, who is employed through the year, except when work presses, and then two are required.  The Doctor himself goes out to work in the fields, and he has one man hired to help him.  Eight boys, big enough to be of some use, are set at whatever they can do.

There are fifty four children in the Home at present; the oldest is 14 years of age; the youngest, an infant of seven weeks.  There are two other babes, each about a year old.  The ages of most of the children range between 2 and 6 years.  Nearly half are illegitimate.  Their mothers are not really able to take care of them, or else they are too shiftless and indolent.  We were shown through all the rooms, and found everything comfortable, and in order.  It was growing dark; the children were collected in what is called a school room; a hymn was sung; prayer was offered by Dr. Hart, and then they began to prepare for bed. 

Our little party, at the same time, set about returning to Marietta.  We had spent a thoughtful afternoon; first with old people whose lives were destined to end under the clouds, and then with young folk whose lives had begun under a cloud.  And yet, neither the aged nor the youthful unfortunates were exactly the most miserable folks we had seen on the earth.